Chess Opening Theory/1. e4/1...e5/2. Bc4/2...Nf6

Bishop's Opening: Berlin Defence
a b c d e f g h
8 a8 b8 c8 d8 e8 f8 g8 h8 8
7 a7 b7 c7 d7 e7 f7 g7 h7 7
6 a6 b6 c6 d6 e6 f6 g6 h6 6
5 a5 b5 c5 d5 e5 f5 g5 h5 5
4 a4 b4 c4 d4 e4 f4 g4 h4 4
3 a3 b3 c3 d3 e3 f3 g3 h3 3
2 a2 b2 c2 d2 e2 f2 g2 h2 2
1 a1 b1 c1 d1 e1 f1 g1 h1 1
a b c d e f g h
Position in Forsyth-Edwards Notation (FEN)
Moves: 1. e4 e5 2. Bc4 Nf6

Bishop's Opening: Berlin Defence edit

2... Nf6 edit

Black develops the king's knight and in doing so threatens the e4-pawn and makes it possible to play d5. This move also preempts Scholar's Mate by preventing 3. Qh5, and blocking the queen's path in the 3. Qf3 version of the mate.

White's options:

  • 3. d3 is the most common continuation.
  • 3. d4 can go either to Ponziani-Urusov Gambit or to the Two Knights Defence by transposition.
  • 3. Nc3 transposes to the Vienna Game (Falkbeer Defence), with an opportunity to use a center fork trick.
  • 3. Nf3 transposes to Petrov's Defence.

Theory table edit

For explanation of theory tables, see theory table and for notation, see algebraic notation..

1. e4 e5 2. Bc4 Nf6

3 4
Modern Bishop's Opening d3
Ponziani/Urusov Gambit d4!? =
Vienna Game
by transposition
Petrov's Defence
by transposition

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References edit