Chess Opening Theory/1. e4/1...d5/2. exd5/2...Qxd5/3. Nc3/3...Qd8

Scandinavian Defence
a b c d e f g h
8 a8 b8 c8 d8 e8 f8 g8 h8 8
7 a7 b7 c7 d7 e7 f7 g7 h7 7
6 a6 b6 c6 d6 e6 f6 g6 h6 6
5 a5 b5 c5 d5 e5 f5 g5 h5 5
4 a4 b4 c4 d4 e4 f4 g4 h4 4
3 a3 b3 c3 d3 e3 f3 g3 h3 3
2 a2 b2 c2 d2 e2 f2 g2 h2 2
1 a1 b1 c1 d1 e1 f1 g1 h1 1
a b c d e f g h
Position in Forsyth-Edwards Notation (FEN)
Moves: 1. e4 d5 2. exd5 Qxd5 3. Nc3 Qd8

Scandinavian Defense: Valencian Variation edit

The retreat with 3...Qd8 was depicted in Castellvi–Vinyoles: the Valencian Variation,[1] the oldest of all Scandinavian lines. Prior to the 20th century, it was often considered the main line, and was characterized as "best" by Howard Staunton.[2] In the 1960s, 3...Qd8 experienced something of a revival after the move was played in a game by Bronstein against GM Andrija Fuderer in 1959.[3] Bronstein's game featured the older line 4.d4 Nf6, while other grandmasters, including Karl Robatsch, explored fianchetto systems with 4.d4 g6 and a later ...Ng8–h6.

The 3...Qd8 variation as a whole remains playable, although it is now considered somewhat passive. It is played particularly by IMs John Bartholomew and Daniel Lowinger, and by the GMs David Garcia Ilundain and Nikola Djukic.

Theory table edit

For explanation of theory tables, see theory table and for notation, see algebraic notation..

1. e4 d5 2. exd5 Qxd5 3.Nc3 Qd8

d4 =
Nf3 =
h3 =
g3 =

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References edit

  1. N. de Arenas, S. and Rubio, F. (2023). "Revista de ajedrez "Peón de Rey": La Variante Valenciana de la Defensa Escandinava". Barcelona: Ed. EDAMI: 80. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. Staunton, Howard (1864). "The chess-player's handbook: A popular and scientific introduction to the game of chess". London: Henry G. Bohn: 377. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. Harman and Taulbut, p.68