Chess Opening Theory/1. d4/1...d5

Closed Game
a b c d e f g h
8 a8 b8 c8 d8 e8 f8 g8 h8 8
7 a7 b7 c7 d7 e7 f7 g7 h7 7
6 a6 b6 c6 d6 e6 f6 g6 h6 6
5 a5 b5 c5 d5 e5 f5 g5 h5 5
4 a4 b4 c4 d4 e4 f4 g4 h4 4
3 a3 b3 c3 d3 e3 f3 g3 h3 3
2 a2 b2 c2 d2 e2 f2 g2 h2 2
1 a1 b1 c1 d1 e1 f1 g1 h1 1
a b c d e f g h
Position in Forsyth-Edwards Notation (FEN)
Moves: 1. d4 d5
ECO code: D00-D69

Closed GameEdit

1...d5Edit

With 1...d5, Black begins to fight for the center in the traditional fashion, by occupying it with pawns. 1...d5 opens a diagonal for the development of the light-squared black bishop, and it also discourages, though does not definitively prevent, an immediate 2. e4. If White plays e4 immediately, they initiate the Blackmar-Diemer gambit, which is considered dubious against best play.

Theory tableEdit

For explanation of theory tables, see theory table and for notation, see algebraic notation.

1. d4 d5

White's main options are now:

< th>Virginia Creeper Variation
2
Queen's Gambit c4
e6
=
Zukertort Variation Nf3
Nf6
=
Mason Variation Bf4
Nf6
=
Levitsky Attack Bg5
h6
=
Chigorin Variation Nc3
Nf6
=
Queen's Pawn Game e3
Nf6
=
Blackmar-Diemer Gambit e4
dxe4
Amazon Attack Qd3
Queen's Bongcloud Kd2?
Nc6
b4?

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ReferencesEdit

  • Nunn's Chess Openings. 1999. John Nunn (Editor), Graham Burgess, John Emms, Joe Gallagher. ISBN 1-8574-4221-0.
  • Modern Chess Openings: MCO-14. 1999. Nick de Firmian, Walter Korn. ISBN 0-8129-3084-3.