Chess Opening Theory/1. d4/1...d5

Closed Game
a b c d e f g h
8 a8 b8 c8 d8 e8 f8 g8 h8 8
7 a7 b7 c7 d7 e7 f7 g7 h7 7
6 a6 b6 c6 d6 e6 f6 g6 h6 6
5 a5 b5 c5 d5 e5 f5 g5 h5 5
4 a4 b4 c4 d4 e4 f4 g4 h4 4
3 a3 b3 c3 d3 e3 f3 g3 h3 3
2 a2 b2 c2 d2 e2 f2 g2 h2 2
1 a1 b1 c1 d1 e1 f1 g1 h1 1
a b c d e f g h
Position in Forsyth-Edwards Notation (FEN)
Moves: 1. d4 d5
ECO code: D00-D69

Closed GameEdit


With 1...d5, Black begins to fight for the center in the traditional fashion, by occupying it with pawns. 1...d5 opens a diagonal for the development of the light-squared black bishop, and it also discourages, though does not definitively prevent, an immediate 2. e4. If White plays e4 immediately, they initiate the Blackmar-Diemer gambit, which is considered dubious against best play.

Theory tableEdit

For explanation of theory tables, see theory table and for notation, see algebraic notation.

1. d4 d5

White's main options are now:

< th>Virginia Creeper Variation
Queen's Gambit c4
Zukertort Variation Nf3
Mason Variation Bf4
Levitsky Attack Bg5
Chigorin Variation Nc3
Queen's Pawn Game e3
Blackmar-Diemer Gambit e4
Amazon Attack Qd3
Queen's Bongcloud Kd2?

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  • Nunn's Chess Openings. 1999. John Nunn (Editor), Graham Burgess, John Emms, Joe Gallagher. ISBN 1-8574-4221-0.
  • Modern Chess Openings: MCO-14. 1999. Nick de Firmian, Walter Korn. ISBN 0-8129-3084-3.