What writing system(s) does this language use?


Sambal and almost all of the languages in the Philippines are written using the Latin alphabet.

Upper case A B C D E F G H I J K L M N Ñ NG O P Q R S T U V W Z X Y Z
Lower case a b c d e f g h i j k l m n ñ ng o p q r s t u v w x y z

The Sambal alphabet includes all of the same letters we use in English, along with 'Ñ' (enye), which the Filipinos borrowed from the Spanish, and 'Ng', a digraph already available as a single character in Baybayin.


Engraved — to carve into a material.


Colonize — to migrate and settle a place and occupy as a colony.


digraph — when two letters are used to show one sound.

How many people speak this language?


Where is this language spoken?

Location where Sambal is spoken

Sambal is a Sambalic language spoken primarily in the Zambal municipalities of Santa Cruz, Candelaria, Masinloc, Palauig, and Iba, in the Pangasinense municipality of Infanta, and areas of Pampanga in the boundary with Zambales in the Philippines; speakers can also be found in Panitian, Quezon, Palawan and Barangay Mandaragat or Buncag of Puerto Princesa. The speakers of the language are decreasing due to the fact that many of the speakers are shifting to Tagalog & Ilocano.

What is the history of this language?


Sambal is an Austronesian Language. It was thought that the Austronesian language came from Taiwan and migrated southwards through sailing. They first reached Batanes islands, by around 2200 BCE.

Soon after the Age of Contact came and the Philippines started trading with other people like Persians, Arabs, Malays, Indians, Japanese, and Chinese. The people who traded with the Filipinos also introduced their language and culture, and soon after the Filipinos started using words from their languages and dressed, ate, and lived like them.

The Spaniards came and introduced Spanish, taught the Filipinos Spanish, and soon after many Spanish words entered the Language. The Americans came and introduced English and encouraged the use of English, so English words also entered Sambal. Sambal therefore is one of the most diverse languages of the world, with Sanskrit, Malay, Javanese, Mandarin Chinese, Nahuatl, Persian, Arabic, Japanese, Spanish, and English loanwords.


loanwords — words in a language that have been borrowed from other languages.

Who are some famous authors or poets in this language?


What are some basic words in this language that I can learn?

Tubag Responses
iya yes
kai no
siguro probably, perhaps
Mga Pagbati Greetings
Kumusta? Hi, how are you?
Maabig man, salamat. I'm fine, thank you.
Maabig a aldaw. Good day.
Maabig boklah. Good morning.
Maabig a udto. Good midday.
Maabig a hapon. Good afternoon.
Maabig a yabi. Good evening.
Asa ka gikan? Where have you been?
Salamat Thank you
Humin anya man. You're welcome.
Panamilit. Good-bye.
Basic phrases
Pakahilta ka duman nin Ingles? Do you speak English?
Ansyaman yay banyo? Where is the bathroom?
Ganahan ko'g . . . I like . . .
Ayaw ko'g . . . I don't like . . .
Hiko hi . . . My name is . . .
Anyay ngalan mo? What's your name?
Numero Numbers
a'sa one
luwa two
tulo three
a'pat four
lima five
a'nom six
pito seven
walo eight
siyam nine
mapulo ten
Counting Units
gatos hundred
ribo thousand
milyon million

What is a simple song/poem/story that I can learn in this language?