This chapter will explain how the United Nations is managed and how the different organs of the United Nations interact with one another.
- I. Founding of the United Nations
- The UN came into existence on October 24, 1945, after the Charter had been ratified by the five permanent members of the Security Council — the Republic of China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States — and by a majority of the other 46 signatories. This chapter will discuss the reasons behind the UN foundation and how it came to be.
- II. History
- For 60 years the United Nations has worked towards securing world peace. This chapter will cover the landmarks events and decisions of the United Nations and how it has affected the world.
- III. The UN Today
- Having endured 60 years of conflict the United Nations enters a new century. Today it is faced with more problems than ever before. This chapter will look at how the United Nations is coping with an ever changing world and how the UN itself looks at these changes.
- IV. Structure
- The United Nations Secretary-General is the head of the Secretariat, one of the principal divisions of the United Nations. According to the United Nations Charter, the Secretary-General is to be appointed by the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Security Council.
- V. General Assembly
- The United Nations General Assembly (GA) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations. This chapter will cover the structure, resolutions, history, and powers held by the General Assembly.
- VI. Security Council
- The United Nations Security Council is the most powerful organ of the United Nations. It is charged with maintaining peace and security between nations. In this chapter you will learn the decisions, missions, resolutions and history of the Security Council.
- VII. Economic and Social Council
- The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) of the United Nations assists the General Assembly in promoting international economic and social cooperation and development. In this chapter you will learn the decisions, operations, structure and duties of the Economic and Social Council.
- VIII. International Court of Justice
- The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. In this chapter you will learn of the duties, cases, and decisions passed down by the ICJ. In addition you will be educated in the history and the importance of this organization.
- IX. Secretariat
- XII. Peacekeeping
- Note: Although the United Nations has no sovereignty of its own, it is only convenient for a book to classify the U.N. under public administration for simplicity's sake. The U.N. is actually just a global body that can only recommend, not force, as force is a component mandatory for a government to officially be a government.