Slovio/Printable version


Slovio

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https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Slovio

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Introduction

Slovio is an international auxiliary language created by Mark Hucko in 1999. It has simple, logical grammar similar to that of Esperanto, and its vocabulary is taken from roots common in most Slavic languages, including Russian, Polish, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Bulgarian, Serbian, Croatian, Sorbian, Old Church Slavonic, and Macedonian. The name Slovio derives from the proto-Slavic root meaning "word." Slovio is easily understood by anyone familiar with at least one Slavic language, and thus has a natural base of an approximate 400 million people. Slovio uses the Roman alphabet but can be transcribed into Cyrilic.

Sample TextEdit

The Pater Noster in Slovio:

Nasx otec ktor es vo nebo,
Sanktju es tvoi imen.
Tvoi kralenie pridib.
Tvoi hcenie bu na zemla takak na nebo.
Darij mi dnes nasx denju hleb.
I uprostij mi nasx grehis takak mi uprostime tamktor grehitu protiv mi.
I ne vestij mi vo pokusenie, no spasij mi ot zlo.

External LinksEdit



Alphabet and pronunciation

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Slovio | Lessons: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9

Lesson 1 - Alphabet and pronunciationEdit

The Slovio language can be written either using Latin alphabet based on English, which is purely ASCII, or using a cyrillic alphabet, which is based on Russian. This guide will mostly use the Latin alphabet for simplicity and not to overwhelm learners, but you should familiarize yourself with cyrillic as well. This is the basic Slovio alphabet, both in Latin and the corresponding cyrillic:

A  B  C  Cx  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  R  S  Sx  T  U  V  Z  Zx
А  Б  Ц  Ч   Д  Е  Ф  Г  Х  И  Й  К  Л  М  Н  О  П  Р  С  Ш   Т  У  В  З  Ж
a  b  c  cx  d  e  f  g  h  i  j  k  l  m  n  o  p  r  s  sx  t  u  v  z  zx
а  б  ц  ч   д  е  ф  г  х  и  й  к  л  м  н  о  п  р  с  ш   т  у  в  з  ж

cx, sx, and zx are always represented by two characters in conjunction and form only one letter each.

! TIP Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Czech, Slovak and Polish speakers

  • cx = ч, č, cz
  • sx = ш, š, sz
  • zx = ж, ž, ż
  • gx = дж, џ, dž, dż
  • wx = щ, шт, шј, št, ś, ć, šč, szcz

Vowels are pronounced the same way they would be in German or Polish.

a - car
e - bet
i - see
o - bold
u - foot

Consonant pronunciation:

b - bold
c - cats
cx - cheese
d - dog
f - food
g - gold
h - home
j - yes
k - king
l - letter
m - moon
n - noon
p - pencil
r - roll
s - sun
sx - shoe
t - team
v - vanilla
z - zoo
zx - pleasure

As in most Slavic languages, r should be rolled.

J is used only in some cases:

  1. When j sound is at the beginning of the word.
  2. In suffixes like -ju, -just, etc.

Otherwise, i is used to represent that sound.

Slovio also includes several optional letters, mainly for expressing sounds of foreign words:

Gx Wx X
Дж Щ Кс

Gx is used to present the sound that would be formed by "dzx", as in George. Wx is used to present the "sxcx" sound, as in Yushchenko. X, if used apart from cx, sx or zx, is equivalent to "ks", as in box.

Pronunciation and stressesEdit

In cases of vowel combination (like ai, oi, io, uo, etc.) it is recommended to pronounce the combination as one diphthong.

It is recommended to accent the penultimate syllable (the syllable before the last one).

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Slovio | Lessons: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9



Introducing yourself

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Slovio | Lessons: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9

Lesson 2 - Introducing youselfEdit

Please take a look at how Ana might introduce herself:

Imenijm Ana. Ja es ucxnik.

Vocabulary:

imenit - name (verb, "to be named")
ja     - I
es     - to be
ucxnik - student

Ana introduced herself with "imenijm Ana", meaning "my name is Ana". Imenijm is the first person singular form of the verb imenit in the present tense. In this case, it was unnecessary to use personal pronoun ja (I), as it would be in most Slavic languages, as it is assumed that subject is "ja" from the verb suffix -ijm.

Verb conjugation (delaslovju koniugenie)Edit

Verbs are conjugated by adding a suffix to the stem of the word. Stems are formed by removing the infinitive ending -t (if the stem ends in o), -it (if it ends in a consonant) or -vit (if it ends in a, e, i or u). The verb endings for the present tense are: ijm, ijsx, ijt, ime, ite and ijut, if the word ends in a consonant as seen in this example:

Slovio English
imenijm my name is
imenijsx your name is
imenijt her, his, its name is
imenime our name is
imenite your (plural) name is
imenijut their name is

So, for example:

Mlodic imenijt Dusxan. - Boy is named Dushan. (literal translation)
Imenime Vikibuks. - Our name is Wikibooks.

Words that end in a vowel lose i in the ending, so the endings are: -jm, -jsx, -jt, -me, -te and -jut. The use of i in such cases is optional, but it is easier to omit it. For example: delat (to work), would be delajm, delajsx, delajt, delame, delate or delajut.

Pronouns (zamenslovis)Edit

Pronouns in Slovio appear in three forms:

  1. Subject (nominative)
  2. Object
  3. Possessive

This is a table of pronouns when they are in the subject position:

Singular Plural
ja I mi we
ti you vi you (pl.)
to 3rd person oni they
on he
ona she
ono it
Please take a look at to. It is a gender neutral form of third person singular, and can be used to designate either he, she or it. Plural equivalent, oni is also gender neutral.

Verb 'to be' (delaslov 'but')Edit

Conjugation of the verb 'to be' in slovio is very easy, it is es in every case. If the verb is used without a pronoun, verb personal ending (see above section) is added to the stem es.

Slovio English Without pronoun
ja es I am esijm
ti es you are esijsx
to es he/she/it is esijt
on es he is esijt
ona es she is esijt
ono es it is esijt
mi es we are esime
vi es you are esite
oni es they are esijut

For example, Ana said:

Ja es ucxnik.

Meaning I am a student. She also could have said Esijm ucxnik.

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Slovio | Lessons: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9



Asking questions

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Slovio | Lessons: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9

Question wordsEdit

Asking questions in Slovio can be done either by adding the word li to the beginning of otherwise affirmative sentence, or by using one of the question words.

DialogueEdit

! TIP Question words

  • kak = how
  • sxto = what
  • kai = what kind
  • gdem = where (movement)
  • kto = who
  • gda = when
  • pocx = why
  • zakj = why (slovenian?)

Please take a look at this dialogue:

Marek: Zdrav Katia, kak ti cxutijsx?
Katia: Cxutijm dobruo. Sxto derzxijsx vo tvoi ruk?
Marek: To es brosxur.
Katia: Kai brosxur?
Marek: To es turistju brosxur.
Katia: Interesju! Gdem ti putovajsx?
Marek: Idijm ko Praga.
Katia: Kto idijt so te?
Marek: Nikto. Putovajm samuo.
Katia: Pocx idijsx ko Praga?
Marek: Ibo Praga es krasju.
Katia: Da, ja tozxe hcejm ko Cxehju Republik putovat. Gda idijsx?
Marek: Idijm sledju mesiac.

VocabularyEdit

  • zdrav - hello
  • cxutijsx - you feel (How are you?)
  • cxutijm - I feel
  • dobruo - well
  • derzxijsx - you hold
  • vo - in
  • ko - to
  • tvoi - your
  • ruk - hand
  • to - this
  • brosxur - brochure
  • turistju - tourist
  • interesju - interesting
  • ti - you (2nd person singular)
  • putovajsx - you travel
  • idijm - I go
  • Praga - Prague
  • idijt - he/she/it goes
  • so - with
  • te - you (instrumental case)
  • nikto - nobody
  • putovajm - I travel
  • samuo - alone
  • idijsx - you go
  • ibo - because
  • krasju - beautiful
  • da - yes
  • ja - I
  • tozxe - also
  • hcejm - (I) want
  • Cxehju Republik - Czech Republic
  • putovat - to travel
  • sledju - next
  • mesiac - month
Flag of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.svg
Slovio | Lessons: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9