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A demonstrative pronoun is used to point out something : this/these for something close to the speaker and that/those for something further away.
In Portuguese there are three sets of demonstrative pronouns:
|Demonstrative Pronoun||M sg||F sg||M pl||F pl||Neuter|
near the speaker, near me
near the listener, near you
|that/those (over there)
beyond the speaker and the listener, away from both of us
"that thing (over there)"
Remember that the trailing "s" denotes plural. Demonstratives ending in "a" or "as" refer to feminine nouns.
Isso and essa means that, este means this. Isso is only used for a neuter meaning "this thing". Masculine nouns use este meaning.
- Essa bola "That ball" (feminine singular).
- Este carro "This car" (masculine singular).
- Isso or Isso ai "That one" or "That thing over there".
Read the sentences below:
- Poderia-me / Podias-me dar isso? "Could you / Can you give me that?"
- O que é aquilo? "What is that?"