Odia/Sounds

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The Odia script (Odia: ଓଡ଼ିଆ ଲିପି) Utkalakshar (ଉତ୍କଳାକ୍ଷର) is used to write the Odia language, and can be used for several other Indian languages, for example, Sanskrit. It has developed from the Brahmi script as most of the other scripts that are used to write South-Asian Languages.

Odia VowelsEdit

The vowels "ଇ" ("i"), "ଈ" ("ī"), "ଉ" ("u") and "ଊ" ("ū") are pronounced same in spoken Odia . ୠ, ଌ,and ୡ are extinct in Odia.

a ā i ī u ū r̥̄ l̥̄ e ai o au
[ɔ] [aː] [i] [iː] [u] [uː] [ru] [ruː] [lu] [luː] [eː] [ɔi̯] [ɔ] [ɔu̯]

Odia ConsonantsEdit

The consonants ja and ya are pronounced the same in Odia. Initial ḍa, ḍha vary with intervocalic ṛa, ṛha. Although kṣa is a conjunct of କ and ଷ, it has a unique pronunciation.

ଡ଼ ଢ଼ କ୍ଷ
ka kha ga gha ṅa ca cha ja jha ña ṭa ṭha ḍa ḍha ṛa ṛha ṇa ta tha da dha na pa pha ba bha ma ya ẏa ra ḷa la wa śa ṣa sa ha kṣa
[kɔ] [kʰɔ] [ɡɔ] [ɡʱɔ] [ŋɔ] [tʃɔ] [tʃʰɔ] [dʒɔ] [dʒʱɔ] [ɲɔ] [ʈɔ] [ʈʱɔ] [ɖɔ] [ɖʱɔ] [ɽɔ] [ɽʱɔ] [ɳɔ] [t̪ɔ] [t̪ʰɔ] [d̪ɔ] [d̪ʱɔ] [nɔ] [pɔ] [pʰɔ] [bɔ] [bʱɔ] [mɔ] [dʒɔ] [jɔ] [ɾɔ] [lɔ] [ɭɔ] [wɔ] [sɔ] [sɔ] [sɔ] [hɔ] kʰjɔ

Other DiacriticsEdit

As in other abugida scripts, Odia consonant letters have an inherent vowel. It is transliterated as ⟨a⟩, phonetic value [ɔ]. Its absence is marked by a halanta (ହଳନ୍ତ):

Some other diacritics are:

କ +ଁଁ=କଁ କ +ଂ=କଂ କ +ଃ=କଃ କ+୍=କ୍
ka kaṁ kaḥ k
[kɔ] [kɔ̃] [kɔŋ] [kɔh] [k]
କା କି କୀ କୁ କୂ କୃ କୄ କୢ କୣ କେ
(େକ)
କୈ
(େକୖ)
କୋ
(େକା)
କୌ
(େକୗ)
ka ki ku kr̥ kr̥̄ kl̥ kl̥̄ ke kai ko kau
[kɔ] [kaː] [ki] [kiː] [ku] [kuː] [kru] [kruː] [klu] [kluː] [keː] [kɔi̯] [kɔ] [kɔu̯]

Vowel diacritics may be more or less fused with the consonants, though in modern printing such ligatures have become less common.