Old English

Ƿes þū hāl and ƿilcume! Hello and welcome! This a Wikibook about Old English, the Germanic language spoken in England from about 500 AD (after the arrival of the Angles, the Saxons, and Jutes from the area around northern Germany, the Netherlands, and Denmark) in southern Great Britain, until about 1100 AD, shortly after the Norman Conquest lead by William I (William the Conqueror), at which time Old English became Middle English.

The first page of Beoƿulf, probably the most famous piece of Anglo-Saxon writing today!

While we would like this Wikibook to be a useful resource for learning Old English, it is not yet in very good condition; but it is being improved. Leorna þū ƿel! Learn well!

If you are already a speaker of Old English, or are learning it, you can see some Old English texts at Wikisource.


Old English GrammarEdit

Old English reading lessonsEdit

Additional Old English resource pagesEdit


After you've mastered the grammar, the main things to do is learn vocabulary and idiomatic language usage. They both can be done by reading actual historical texts and practicing what you have already learnt, but here are some lists to help with the vocabulary.

Other electronic resourcesEdit

Thankfully, there are many other quality online accessible resources already available for Old English. Here are some of them: