Memorizing the Katakana/Print version


Memorizing the Katakana

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The Vowels

Kata a.jpg
is an anchor.






Kata i.jpg
looks like an i but the top dot is stretched.






Kata u.jpg
is an umbrella.






Kata e.jpg
is an elephant.






Kata o.jpg
is the origin in a Cartesian coordinate graph.






Memorizing the Katakana
The Vowels The K line



The K line

Kata ka.jpg
is a kat (cat).






Kata ki.jpg
is a ki (key).






Kata ku.jpg
is a kup (cup) handle.






Kata ke.jpg
is a keyn (cane).






Kata ko.jpg
has two korners (corners).






Memorizing the Katakana
The Vowels The K line The S line



The S line

Kata sa.jpg
is a pair dancing the samba or salsa.






Kata shi.jpg
is best remembered as a woman's smiling face looking right. Shi (she) looks away when Shi smiles because Shi is shy.






Kata su.jpg
is a seven with a support beam.






Kata se.jpg
is a fellow committing seppuku.






Kata so.jpg
is a person enjoying the soft or so-so waves at a beach. This will make more sense later when we learn the tsu katakana.






Memorizing the Katakana
The K line The S line The T line



The T line

Kata ta.jpg
is a tarantula.






Kata chi.jpg
is a chiter (cheater) who wrote the answers on his hand while taking a test.






Kata tsu.jpg
is two people running away from the shoreline: a tsunami is coming! Compare with the katakana for So.






Kata te.jpg
is a teyble (table) with a dish on it.






Kata to.jpg
is the toes of a foot.






Memorizing the Katakana
The S line The T line The N line



The N line

Kata na.jpg
is a nail.






Kata ni.jpg
is the folds of skin on your ni (knee).






Kata nu.jpg
Is the nu way of writing the number 7. The old way is plain, the new way crosses the middle (7 and 7).






Kata ne.jpg
is a happy businessman in a necktie.






Kata no.jpg
is the universal no smoking sign.






Kata n.jpg
Remember she (シ) from before? Now, she's only got one eye. N...ice eyepatch!






Memorizing the Katakana
The T line The N line The H line



The H line

Kata ha.jpg
is a stick broken in half.






Kata hi.jpg
is a sock's hill (heel).






Kata fu.jpg
is a fellow wearing a full's (fool's) hat. A dunce.






Kata he.jpg
is an arrow pointing to heaven.






Kata ho.jpg
is a holy symbol, the crucifix.






Memorizing the Katakana
The N line The H line The M line



The M line

Kata ma.jpg
Ma-ma says I can have a cookie.






Kata mi.jpg
is a staff with the music notes DO RE and MI.






Kata mu.jpg
is a composer writing music.






Kata me.jpg
is a medical syringe with medicine in it.






Kata mo.jpg
You'll catch more fish with more worms on the hook.






Memorizing the Katakana
The H line The M line The Y line



The Y line

Kata ya.jpg
is a Yak.






Kata yu.jpg
is the letter yu (U) on its side.






Kata yo.jpg
is gangster making hand signs and saying yo!






Memorizing the Katakana
The M line The Y line The R line



The R line

Kata ra.jpg
is an Ancient Egyptian bowing to Ra, the sun god.






Kata ri.jpg
is a rid (reed) in a river.






Kata ru.jpg
is a tree rut (root).






Kata re.jpg
is an arrow that shows us which direction reyn (rain) falls; down.






Kata ro.jpg
reminds us that squares don't roll.






Memorizing the Katakana
The Y line The R line The W line



The W line

Kata wa.jpg
is a wagon, flipped over and partially broken.






Kata wo.jpg
looks like both a 3 or a W flipped onto its side. This of course reminds us of that triply-alliterative conflict near the beginning of the 20th century: World Wor (war) Won (one).






Memorizing the Katakana
The Y line The W line Tough characters



Tough

The difference between shi and tsu is in their stroke direction.

Several katakana look similar and may cause confusion. These are:

シ and ンEdit

and can be thought of as smiley faces looking towards the right. The character with both eyes is a shi (she), while the character with one eye has a nice eyepatch. The short strokes on the top slant towards the right, while the same strokes for and slant downwards.


ツ and ソEdit

and can be thought of as rating systems for waves at a beach. The short lines represent the rating (or people on the beach) and the long line is the coast. A rating of 2 short stokes means tsunami, and two people are running away. A rating of 1 short stroke means soft or so-so waves, with a single person relaxing on the beach.

ウ and ワEdit

, the umbrella, has a ferrule on its top while , the flipped over wagon, does not.

ヲ and ヨEdit

, the (World Wor Won), is rounded like a hand-written 3. , the gangster YO! is angular and has a small line extending on the bottom.

ケ and クEdit

In , the cane (ke), the second stroke (representing the arm) extends over the cane. In , the cup (ku) handle is smooth.


Memorizing the Katakana
The W line Tough Characters Dakuten



Dakuten

Dakuten ( ゙ ) and Handakuten ( ゚ ) are marks placed after certain katakana that modify the way the consonant is pronounced. These marks indicate that the consonant of the syllable should be voiced.

normal with dakuten ( ゙ ) with handakuten ( ゚ )
カ = ka ガ = ga
サ = sa ザ = za
タ = ta ダ = da
ハ = ha バ = ba パ = pa
ExceptionsEdit

"Shi" (シ) turns into "Ji" (ジ)
"Chi" (チ) also turns into "Ji" (ヂ)
"Tsu" (ツ) turns into "Zu" (ヅ)
"U" (ウ) turns into "Vu" (ヴ)

SokuonEdit

Sokuon (ッ) is a symbol consisting of a small Tsu (compare with normal Tsu: ツッ). It is used to insert a slight pause.


ChōonpuEdit

Chōonpu (ー) is a symbol used to indicate a long vowel sound. Long vowels can also be written by using the cooresponding vowel hiragana.

normal with chōonpu ( ー ) is the same as
プ = pu プー = puu プウ = puu


Memorizing the Katakana
Tough characters Dakuten Easy quiz



Easy quiz

Note


  1. All questions are to be answered using the English equivalent of the katakana (e.g. ha, ru, shi etc.)
  2. Please answer using only lowercase letters



1 identify the following vowel katakana:

  1. エ:

  2. オ :

  3. イ :

  4. ア :

  5. ウ :


  6. 2 identify the following k_ katakana:

    1. コ :

    2. ケ :

    3. キ :

    4. カ :

    5. ク :


    6. 3 identify the following s_ katakana:

      1. サ :

      2. シ :

      3. ス :

      4. ソ :

      5. セ :


      6. 4 identify the following t_ katakana:

        1. チ :

        2. テ :

        3. タ :

        4. ツ :

        5. ト :


        6. 5 identify the following n_ katakana:

          1. ノ :

          2. ネ :

          3. ン :

          4. ナ :

          5. ニ :

          6. ヌ :


          7. 6 identify the following h_ katakana:

            1. ホ :

            2. ヘ :

            3. フ :

            4. ヒ :

            5. ハ :


            6. 7 identify the following m_ katakana:

              1. メ :

              2. ム :

              3. マ :

              4. モ :

              5. ミ :


              6. 8 identify the following y_ katakana:

                1. ユ :

                2. ヤ :

                3. ヨ :


                4. 9 identify the following r_ katakana:

                  1. ラ :

                  2. リ :

                  3. ル :

                  4. レ :

                  5. ロ :


                  6. 10 identify the following w_ katakana:

                    1. ヲ :

                    2. ワ :

                    3. Click submit to see your results.


                      Memorizing the Katakana
                      Dakuten Easy quiz Hard quiz



                      Hard quiz

                      Note


                      1. All questions are to be answered using the English equivalent of the katakana (e.g. shi, zu, ji etc.)
                      2. Please answer using only lowercase letters


                      1 Identify the following katakana (10/71):

                      1. グ :

                      2. ト :

                      3. テ :

                      4. ロ :

                      5. エ :

                      6. セ :

                      7. ギ :

                      8. ソ :

                      9. デ :

                      10. ニ :

                      11. 2 Identify the following katakana (20/71):

                        1. ホ :

                        2. ゾ :

                        3. ズ :

                        4. ム :

                        5. コ :

                        6. ザ :

                        7. ジ :

                        8. ゲ :

                        9. ン :

                        10. ボ :

                        11. 3 Identify the following katakana (30/71):

                          1. ス :

                          2. ラ :

                          3. ク :

                          4. プ :

                          5. ヂ :

                          6. タ :

                          7. シ :

                          8. パ :

                          9. ヘ :

                          10. オ :

                          11. 4 Identify the following katakana (40/71):

                            1. ア :

                            2. メ :

                            3. ド :

                            4. デ :

                            5. ペ :

                            6. ポ :

                            7. ヅ :

                            8. カ :

                            9. イ :

                            10. モ :

                            11. 5 Identify the following katakana (50/71):

                              1. ワ :

                              2. ヲ :

                              3. ウ :

                              4. ノ :

                              5. ヒ :

                              6. ベ :

                              7. ユ :

                              8. ヌ :

                              9. ブ :

                              10. ネ :

                              11. 6 Identify the following katakana (60/71):

                                1. ミ :

                                2. リ :

                                3. ツ :

                                4. ヤ :

                                5. バ :

                                6. チ :

                                7. レ :

                                8. キ :

                                9. ナ :

                                10. ハ :

                                11. 7 Identify the following katakana (71/71):

                                  1. フ :

                                  2. ケ :

                                  3. ビ :

                                  4. サ :

                                  5. ヨ :

                                  6. ゼ :

                                  7. ル :

                                  8. ガ :

                                  9. ピ :

                                  10. ダ :

                                  11. マ :

                                  12. Click submit to see your results.



                                    Memorizing the Katakana
                                    Easy quiz Hard quiz