Kinyarwanda language has less than twenty adjectives. This means that in some cases, Kinyarwanda lacks adjectives to qualify nouns. At this time, it makes them from other nouns. In translating a text expreesed by adjectives in other languages is rendered, for example, by either the possessive construction (X of Y) or by the relative clause construction.

e.g. 'a stupid boy' : umuhungu w'igicucu