JLPT Guide/JLPT N3 Grammar

Level N5 Level N4 Level N3 Level N2 Level N1

Here is a list of the grammar points likely encountered on level N3 of the Japanese Language Proficiency Test. There is no official list, so it is possible that other grammar points may be seen. JLPT N5 grammar and JLPT N4 grammar are likely to be seen on the N3 test but are not listed again here -- see their respective pages.

~ようになるEdit

A change which has taken place or will take place.

~ことになるEdit

To be decided, to be arranged.

~とても~ないEdit

Can't possibly

~らしいEdit

Seems like, Hearsay

~て初めてEdit

Only when ~, that ~; It is not until ~, that ~

~ないでEdit

Without doing ~

~によってEdit

Depending on ~

~のようなEdit

like ~

~ば~ほどEdit

The more ~ the ~er something gets (the more you study the smarter you get)

N+ばかりEdit

Nothing but ~

AはBで有名Edit

~ A is famous for B

N+を始めEdit

for example; starting with

Edit

Turns nouns into adjectives. Like English '-al'

~は~くらいですEdit

(How much) ~ (adj) is ~

~さえ~ばEdit

~if only~then...

ほどEdit

To the extent

ままEdit

In its current state

わざわざEdit

To bother oneself to do something

~としたらEdit

If we assume ~

~たものだEdit

This used to ~ / This was what ~

~たてEdit

newly/ freshly/ just did something

~ぐらいEdit

about/around ~

~かえってEdit

on the contrary

~には~の~があるEdit

There is ~ in ~

~っぽいEdit

Characteristic of ~

~に関するEdit

in relation to ~

まさかEdit

"Impossible!"

まいEdit

probably won't

きりEdit

just, for good

いったい(一体)Edit

"What in the world?"

ふりEdit

Pretend to ~

どうやらEdit

I think that ~

おかげでEdit

Thanks to ~

さらに(更に)Edit

Furthermore

すでに(既に)Edit

already ~

ついEdit

Without thinking

むしろEdit

rather; better; instead

さえEdit

even; if only; if just; as long as; the only thing needed

~になれるEdit

get used to ~ ; come to be ~

~に違いないEdit

There is no doubt that ~, I am sure that ~

なかなかEdit

Considerably

~ためにEdit

In order to~

~ずEdit

Without doing ~ (shortened form of ~ないで)

~によるとEdit

According to, Due to, By means of

~代わりEdit

In place of ~

ようにするEdit

Make sure to do ~

~始めるEdit

To start to ~

~てもEdit

Even if~

~としてEdit

As ~, In the role of ~

ようにEdit

In order that ~

こそEdit

(Emphasis)

~ないうちにEdit

Before ~ happens (before it rains, ~)

どうしてもEdit

By all means, At any rate

~がちEdit

Tends to be ~

せいぜいEdit

As far as possible, At the most

~に限るEdit

nothing better than ~

~とともに~Edit

as well as; with; along with; at the same time

~たび~Edit

~ whenever ~

すぎない(過ぎない)Edit

merely ~ ; no more than ~

おいて(於いて)Edit

as for ~ ; regarding ~

~げEdit

seems like~

つもりでEdit

having the intention of~

This list of grammar terms was compiled by Jonathan Waller, [1]. Some definitions from JGram, [2].