As in many other languages, Irish adds prefixes (réimíreanna) to words to create new words. If you become familiar with the prefixes below, you may double your vocabulary!
Note that some prefixes are separated from the base word by a hyphen, and some prefixes cause lenition.
|ain-||negation (in-, un-, not-)
|ceart (right) becomes aincheart (unjust).|
fios (knowledge) becomes ainfhiosracht (overcurious).
|an-||very||maith (good) becomes an-mhaith (very good).|
rí (king) becomes ardrí (high king).
|ath-||re-||déan (do, make) becomes athdéan (redo, remake).|
|ban-||female (-ess, -ix)||údar (author) becomes banúdar (authoress).|
|litir (letter) becomes ceannlitir (capital letter).|
|comh-||mutual, joint||ceol (music) becomes comhcheol (harmony).|
|dea-||good, well||scéal (news, story) becomes dea-scéal (piece of good news).|
|dearg-||red-, real, utter||gráin (hatred) becomes dearg-ghráin (intense hatred).|
|dé-||bi-, di-, two-||taobh (side) becomes déthaobhach (bilateral).|
|di-||de-, dis-, in-, un-||scéal (news, story) becomes díscéil (uninformative).|
|do-||in-, un-, not-||déanta (done, complete) becomes dodhéanta (impossible, hard to do),|
|for-||overly, more than
pro- (in various senses)
daonna (human) becomes fordaonna (superhuman).
near; rough, approximate
amharc (sight, view) becomes gar-amharc (close-up).
eochair (key) becomes ileochair (master key).
|in-||capable of||creidte (believed) becomes inchreidte (believable).|
|lán-||total||cead (permission) becomes lánchead (full permission).|
|mion-||small, micro-||insint (telling) becomes mioninsint (detailed report).|
|príomh-||of importance, main focus||cathair (city) becomes príomhchathair (capital city)|
|réamh-||pre-, preliminary||feiceáil (seeing) becomes reamhfheiceáil (foresight).|
|ró-||over-||minic (often) becomes rómhinic (too often).|
|sár-||exceeding, ultra-||riail (rule) becomes sár-riail (golden rule).|
|so-||easy||briste (broken) becomes sobhriste (fragile, easily broken).|