Introduction to Psychology/Child and Adolescent Psychology/Contributions of Freud

  • Freud's development theory
    • Sigmund Freud - psychosexual theory
      1. Oral and anal
        • Id desires pleasure from erogenous zones. The ego is emerging and keeping the id in check as children learn to delay gratification
      2. Phallic
        • As a result of unconscious sexual desires for opposite-sex parent, children learn to identify with same-sex parents. It is through this identification that the child acquires the superego.
      3. Latency
        • emergence of superego produces shame because of sexual desires. Sexual feelings are repressed.
      4. Genital
        • Children mature into adolescents. Sexual identities are formed.