History of video games/List of Abbreviations
1v1 - One versus one. For one player to fight another player.
1337 - Leet or Elite. Shorthand speak in common use by gamers during the 2000's.
AAA - Triple A. A game made with a large studio with a large budget.
ACG - Refers to the subculture Anime, Comic, and Games.
AI - Artificial Intelligence. Often shorthand to refer to a computer player.
API - Application Programming Interface
APM - Actions per minute. Used by competitive gamers.
APU - AMD processors known as Accelerated Processor Units. Combines CPU and GPU on a die.
AV - Audio Visual. Typically used to refer to signal cables or display equipment.
BBC - British Broadcasting Cooperation.
BD - Short for Blu-ray Disc. A standard for optical disks mainly used for films and console video games.
C128 - Short for Commodore 128.
C128D - Short for Commodore 128D, a North America-only version of the computer. C16 - Short for Commodore 16.
C64 - Short for Commodore 64.
C64C - Short for Commodore 64C.
C64GS - Short for Commodore 64 Games System. CBM - Commodore Business Machines, now known as "Commodore International".
CIB - Complete in Box, term used by collectors.
CD - Short for CD-ROM optical disk technology.
CISC - Complex Instruction Set Computer.
Co-op - Cooperative elements, typically in multiplayer games. Used in terms like Couch Co-op to refer to local multiplayer.
CPU - Central Processing Unit
CRT - Cathode-ray tube. Common display used before the 2000's for TV sets, computer displays and arcade machines.
CV - ColecoVision
DPS - Damage per Second. Also refers to a player role where attacking with a high damage per second is desired (To the point of letting other players handle healing, and taking damage to focus on increasing DPS).
DVD - An optical disk. Abbreviation is disputed, but usually identified as "Digital Versatile Disc".
EEPROM - Electrically erasable programmable read-only memory - Storage technology used by some early game cartridges.
EXP - Experience Points
FDD - Floppy disk drive.
FLOPS - Floating Point Operations Per Second, a common benchmark of processing speed.
FMV - Full Motion Video. Often used in the 1990's when a game featured prerecorded video. FMV game refers to a game that primarily or exclusively uses prerecorded videos for graphics.
FPGA - Field Programmable Gate Array. A popular technology used by some clone consoles for accurate replication of original hardware.
FPS - Multiple meanings. Short for Frames per Second. Also may refer to the First Person Shooter game genre.
GB - Multiple meanings. Short for Game Boy when discussing consoles. Short for Great Britain when discussing releases.
GBP - Short for Game Boy Pocket.
GBC - Short for Game Boy Color.
GBA - Short for Game Boy Advance. GD-ROM - Short for Gigabyte Disc Read only memory - a disk format used by Sega in the late 1990's and early 2000's.
GG - Multiple meanings. Short for Game Gear when discussing consoles. Short for
Good Game in casual chat. GPU - Graphics Processing Unit
GPGPU - General Purpose GPU
G&W - Game and Watch
HDD - Hard Disk Drive
HP - Multiple meanings. Short for Health Points. May also refer to Hewlett Packard, a computer and calculator manufacturer.
IBM - International Business Machines. One of the most notable computer manufacturers since the 1930s, inventor of the PC standard in the early 1980s.
III - Indie games with scope or funding comparable to AAA games.
IV - Multiple meanings. Short for Intellivision. Also the roman numeral for 4.
JP - Short for Japan when discussing releases.
K - Kilo. Metric unit for thousand. Often seen as Kilobyte, Kilobit, etc.
KB - Keyboard.
KD - Kill Death ratio, especially in competitive multiplayer games. Generally a high KD is seen as the sign of a skilled player.
Lag - Slang for latency, especially in online gaming.
LCD - Liquid Crystal Display - A common display type since the inception of handheld game consoles. Became nearly universal in general displays after the 2000's.
LED - Light Emitting Diode - Commonly used as indicator lights on consoles, and rarely as discrete parts of a large console display.
LIN - Short for Linux, an operating system kernel.
LOL - Multiple meanings. Often refers to laugh out loud. May also refer to the game
League of Legends. LoZ - Short for the
Legend of Zelda, either the first game or the series in general. LP - Let's Play. A genre of writing or video which discusses a playthrough of a game.
Mac - Short for Macintosh, a computer line launched by Apple in 1984.
MAC - Short for "media access control", a type of unique address for computer networks.
MIPS - Two separate meanings. Short for either Millions of Instructions per Second, or the MIPS processor architecture.
MMORPG - Massively Multiplayer Online Roleplaying Game
MOBA - Multiplayer Online Battle Arena
Mobo - Motherboard
MS - Informal acronym for Microsoft.
MUD - Multi User Dungeon. The smaller precursor to MMORPG.
MV - Microvision
N3DS - Short for Nintendo 3DS.
N2DS - Short for Nintendo 2DS. N64 - Short for Nintendo 64.
NA - Short for North America when discussing releases.
NDS - Short for Nintendo DS.
NDSi, Short for Nintendo DSi. NES - Short for Nintendo Entertainment System
NIN - Short for Nintendo.
NG - Short for NEO•GEO.
NPC - Non Player Character
NS - Short for Nintendo Switch.
NSO - Nintendo Switch Online
NX - Early codename for Nintendo Switch.
OLED - Organic Light Emitting Diode. A common display type in the 2010's and on.
OS - Multiple meanings. Can refer to Operating System or Open Source.
OOT - Short for The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time
PC - Multiple meanings. Personal computer, especially a computer compatible with the IBM Personal Computer (model 5150) or a computer running Microsoft Windows. Also can be used to refer to a Player Character.
PC-88 - Short for NEC PC-8800 series computers.
PCB - Printed Circuit Board
PPE - Multiple meanings. Refers to a computational unit in the PS3 Cell Processor or the Xbox 360 Xenon Processor. Refers to Personal Protective Equipment, which some gaming brands sold during the COVID-19 pandemic.
PPU - Picture Processing Unit, A GPU of sorts used on some early Nintendo consoles.
PS - Short for PlayStation in general, may refer to PS1 specifically.
PS1 - Short for PlayStation 1
PS2 - Short for PlayStation 2
PS3 - Short for PlayStation 3
PS4 - Short for PlayStation 4
PS5 - Short for PlayStation 5
PSN - Short for PlayStation Network.
PSP - Short for PlayStation Portable.
PSX - Codename for PlayStation 1. Also a Japan-only model of PlayStation 2. PUBG - Short for PlayerUnknown's Battlegrounds.
QPU - Quantum Positioning Unit, used by the Super Mario 64 speedrunning community.
RISC - Reduced Instruction Set Architecture.
RAM - Random Access Memory.
ROM - Read Only Memory. Also slang for an amateur digital copy of a physical game.
RPG - Multiple meanings. Generally refers to Role Playing Game. In FPS games, refers to the real life weapon - Rocket Propelled Grenade.
ARPG - Action Role Playing Game
CRPG - Computer Role Playing Game - Often western in origin
JRPG - Japanese Role Playing Game
TRPG - Tactical Role Playing Game
WRPG - Western Role Playing Game RSX - Reality Synthesizer. The GPU used on the PlayStation 3.
RTS - Real Time Strategy. A genre of game.
Super Mario Bros.. SMS - Short for Sega Master System.
SNES - Short for Super Nintendo Entertainment System.
SPE - Synergetic Processing Element, used by the PlayStation 3 Cell CPU.
SSD - Solid State Drive.
TBS - Turn Based Strategy. A genre of game.
TF - Team Fortress.
Team Fortress Classic. TF2 - Team Fortress 2.
UMD - Universal Media Disc, a portable optical disk format used by Sony.
VC - Multiple meanings. Short for Venture Capital. Short for Nintendo's Virtual Console.
VCS - Atari Video Computer System, original name of console CX-2600, later renamed "Atari 2600". Also the name of an Atari console launched in 2020.
VCR - Short for "video cassette recorder", a device used to play and record on VHS tapes or, occasionally, also other video tapes.
VHS - Video Home System, the most common video tape standard, also used for some very low cost video game consoles.
VMS - Visual Memory System - Handheld game system/Sega Dreamcast Memory Card in Japan and Europe.
VMU - Visual Memory Unit - Handheld game system/Dreamcast Memory Card in North America.
VR - Virtual Reality
WAD - Short for "
Where's All the Data?", default format for Doom package files, in which mods are usually distributed. WIN - Short for Windows, an operating system.
Wolf3D - Short for
Wolfenstein 3D, after the game's main executable in PC versions. WOW - World of Warcraft.
x86 - Commonly-used processor architecture designed by Intel, and used by AMD, VIA, and others. The "x" stands for a variable digit.
x86-64 - Commonly-used extension of the x86 standard, designed by AMD, and used by Intel.
XB - Informal acronym for Xbox.
XBL - Xbox Live
XBLA - Xbox Live Arcade.
Y2K - Year 2000. A feared collapse of global computing technology due to poor coding practices on the eve of the millennium.
Z80 - Short for Zilog Z80 processor. References Edit