# Chess Opening Theory/1. f3

Barnes Opening
 a b c d e f g h 8 8 7 7 6 6 5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 a b c d e f g h
Position in Forsyth-Edwards Notation (FEN)
Moves: 1. f3
ECO code: A00
Parent: Starting position
 a b c d e f g h 8 8 7 7 6 6 5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 a b c d e f g h
Position in Forsyth-Edwards Notation (FEN)
Moves: 1. f3 e5 2. e4 Nf6 3. Nc3
Porkchop, 2...Nh6 3.Kg3
 a b c d e f g h 8 8 7 7 6 6 5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 a b c d e f g h
Position in Forsyth-Edwards Notation (FEN)
Moves: 1. f3 e5 2. Kf2 Nh6 3. Kg3
G-Pawn Gambit
 a b c d e f g h 8 8 7 7 6 6 5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 a b c d e f g h
Position in Forsyth-Edwards Notation (FEN)
Moves: 1. f3 g5 2. h3 g4
Fool's Mate
 a b c d e f g h 8 8 7 7 6 6 5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 a b c d e f g h
Position in Forsyth-Edwards Notation (FEN)
Moves: 1. f3 e5 2. g4 Qh4

## 1. f3? · Barnes Opening

The Barnes Opening is a rarely-played and passive first move that gives Black a slight advantage. In fact, it is arguably White's worst possible first move. It deprives the white king's knight of the f3 square. It opens the e1–h4 diagonal, exposing the white king. While it controls e4, White could have done that by playing 1. e4 right away.

This move is usually a way for White to taunt Black, especially if White's rating is much higher, by giving Black an immediate edge. Due to this, White often follows with 2.Kf2.

Black's best response to 1. f3? is 1... e5, controlling the center and preparing to take advantage of the weaknesses along the e1–h4 diagonal. Black has an advantage. This opening can also lead to the fool's mate after 2. g4?? Qh4#!.

If Black replies with the slightly inferior 1... d5, play could go into a Dutch Defence with colors reversed after 2. f4. Another possibility for White is to transpose into a Blackmar-Diemer Gambit: 1. f3 d5 2. e4 dxe4 3. Nc3 exf3 4. Nxf3 Nf6.

## Statistics

No stats as 1. f3 occurs rarely among serious chess players.

## All possible Black's moves

 QuickNavigation Na6a6a5 b6b5 Nc6c6c5 d6d5 e6e5 Nf6f6f5 g6g5 Nh6h6h5

## References

• Nunn's Chess Openings. 1999. John Nunn (Editor), Graham Burgess, John Emms, Joe Gallagher. ISBN 1-8574-4221-0.