Chess Opening Theory/1. e4/1...c5/2. Nf3/2...d6/3. d4
Position in Forsyth-Edwards Notation (FEN)
|Moves: 1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4|
The aggressive advance of White's d-pawn forms a classical centre (pawns on e4 and d4), a strong formation which threatens to gain a large space advantage by a subsequent d5 or e5. Black is therefore compelled to break up White's centre.
In the Sicilian, this is easily achieved with the exchange 3...cxd4, the control of d4 being the major reason the c-pawn was moved to c5 originally. With this natural move Black acquires a majority of central pawns and half-opens the c-file.
Their other means of attacking the centre pawns is with 3...Nf6, in an attempt to avoid the Maróczy Bind by tempting the b1 knight out, but White can simply take the c-pawn with quicker development.
3...Nc6 invites either d5 or dxc5 with a strong initiative.
1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4
- Kasparov, Garry, & Keene, Raymond 1989 Batsford chess openings 2. ISBN 0-8050-3409-9.