Chess Opening Theory/1. d4/1...f5/2. c4

Dutch Defence
a b c d e f g h
8 a8 b8 c8 d8 e8 f8 g8 h8 8
7 a7 b7 c7 d7 e7 f7 g7 h7 7
6 a6 b6 c6 d6 e6 f6 g6 h6 6
5 a5 b5 c5 d5 e5 f5 g5 h5 5
4 a4 b4 c4 d4 e4 f4 g4 h4 4
3 a3 b3 c3 d3 e3 f3 g3 h3 3
2 a2 b2 c2 d2 e2 f2 g2 h2 2
1 a1 b1 c1 d1 e1 f1 g1 h1 1
a b c d e f g h
Position in Forsyth-Edwards Notation (FEN)
Moves: 1. d4 f5 2. c4

Dutch Defence

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Towards this move black has basically two typical set ups and one theory based opening.

  • One is a fortress like position with pawn structure f5-e6-d5. This is called the Stonewall defence. This type of position is considered solid, but perhaps too static.
  • A dynamic choice is a Leningrad setup. The pawn structure is practically always g6-f5-d6. Black plays in this system, with only a few rare exceptions, his bishop to g7, knight to f6, and castles quickly.
  • The more theoretical approach is the Bladel. Black plays Nh6 which allows white to play e4 and transforms the Dutch into an semi open game. Black delays to castle and instead fights for the center with c6 ... fallowed by d5. White trades of a center pawn for side pawn. White seeks to deliver an early checkmate in the middle game. Black has an additional center pawn which has proven to be as significant advantage in the end game.

Theory table

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For explanation of theory tables, see theory table and for notation, see algebraic notation..

1. d4 f5 2. c4

2 3 4 5 6 7
Leningrad ...
g6
g3
Nf6
Bg2
Bg7
Nf3
O-O
O-O
d6
Nc3
Qe8
=
Stonewall Defence c4
e6
g3
Nf6
Bg2
Be7
Nf3
O-O
O-O
d5
Nc3
Qe8
=
...
Nf6
Bladel ..
g6
Nc3
Nh6
e4
fxe4
Nxe4
Bg7
Nf3
c6
Bd3
d5
=

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References

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