Advanced Mathematics for Engineers and Scientists/The Front Cover


ODE Ordinary Differential Equation
PDE Partial Differential Equation
BC Boundary Condition
IVP Initial Value Problem
BVP Boundary Value Problem
IBVP Initial Boundary Value Problem

Common OperatorsEdit

Operators are shown applied to the scalar   or the vector field  .

Notation Common names and other notation Description and notes Definition in Cartesian coordinates
  Partial derivative,   The rate of change of   with respect to  , holding the other independent variables constant.  
  Derivative, total derivative,   The rate of change of   with respect to  . If   is multivariate, this derivative will typically depend on the other variables following a path.  
  Gradient, del operator,   Vector that describes the direction and magnitude of the greatest rate of change of a function of more than one variable. The symbol   is called nabla.  
  Laplacian, Scalar Laplacian, Laplace operator,   A measure of the concavity of  , equivalently a comparison of the value of   at some point to neighboring values.  
  Divergence,   A measure of "generation", in other words how much the vector field acts as a source or sink at a point.  
  Curl, rotor, circulation density,   A vector that describes the rate of rotation of a (normally 3D) vector field and the corresponding axis of rotation.  
  Vector Laplacian Similar to the (scalar) Laplacian. Note however, that it is generally not equal to the element-by-element Laplacian of a vector.  

3D Operators in Different Coordinate SystemsEdit

Cartesian representations appear in the table above. The   convention is used for spherical coordinates.

Operator Cylindrical Spherical