# A-level Chemistry/OCR (Salters)/Chemical Ideas

* Chemical Ideas* is one of the two textbooks that were designed to be an integral part of the Salters Advanced Chemistry course. It is published by Heinemann.

*Chemical Ideas*contains the theoretical component of the course. Its counterpart,

*Chemical Storylines*, focuses more on the history, applications and importance of various aspects of chemistry.

A sortable table of contents for *Chemical Ideas* is available here.

# Chapters in *Chemical Ideas*Edit

## Chapter 1: Measuring amounts of substanceEdit

**Section 1.1:**Amount of substance (AS)**Section 1.2:**Balanced equations (AS)**Section 1.3:**Using equations to work out reacting masses (AS)**Section 1.4:**Calculations involving gases (AS)**Section 1.5:**Concentrations of solutions (AS)

## Chapter 2: Atomic structureEdit

**Section 2.1:**A simple model of the atom (AS)**Section 2.2:**Nuclear reactions (AS)**Section 2.3:**Electronic structure: shells (AS)**Section 2.4:**Electronic structure: sub-shells and orbitals (AS)

## Chapter 3: Bonding, shapes and sizesEdit

**Section 3.1:**Chemical bonding (AS)**Section 3.2:**The size of ions (A2)**Section 3.3:**The shapes of molecules (AS)**Section 3.4:**Structural isomerism (AS)**Section 3.5:**Geometric isomerism (AS)**Section 3.6:**Optical isomerism (A2)

## Chapter 4: Energy changes and chemical reactionsEdit

**Section 4.1:**Energy in, energy out (AS)**Section 4.2:**Where does the energy come from? (AS)**Section 4.3:**Entropy and the direction of change (AS)**Section 4.4:**Energy, entropy and equilibrium (A2)**Section 4.5:**Energy changes in solution (A2)**Section 4.6:**Born-Haber cycles (A2)

## Chapter 5: Structure and propertiesEdit

**Section 5.1:**Ions in solids and solutions (AS)**Section 5.2:**Molecules and networks (AS)**Section 5.3:**Forces between molecules: temporary and permanent dipoles (AS)**Section 5.4:**Forces between molecules: hydrogen bonding (AS)**Section 5.5:**The structure and properties of polymers (Part 1:AS, Part 2: A2)**Section 5.6:**Bonding, structure and properties: a summary (A2)

## Chapter 6: Radiation and matterEdit

**Section 6.1:**Light and electrons (AS)**Section 6.2:**What happens when radiation interacts with matter? (AS)**Section 6.3:**Radiation and radicals (AS)**Section 6.4:**Infrared spectroscopy (AS)**Section 6.5:**Mass spectrometry (AS)**Section 6.6:**Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (A2)**Section 6.7:**Where does colour come from? (A2)**Section 6.8:**Ultraviolet and visible spectroscopy (A2)**Section 6.9:**Chemistry of colour (A2)

## Chapter 7: Equilibrium in chemistryEdit

**Section 7.1:**Chemical equilibrium (AS)**Section 7.2:**Equilibria and concentrations (A2)**Section 7.3:**Equilibria and partial pressures (A2)**Section 7.4:**Partition equilibrium (A2)**Section 7.5:**Ion exchange (A2)**Section 7.6:**Chromatography (A2)**Section 7.7:**Solubility equilibria (A2)

## Chapter 8: Acids and basesEdit

**Section 8.1:**Acid-base reactions (AS)**Section 8.2:**Weak acids and pH (A2)**Section 8.3:**Buffer solutions (A2)

## Chapter 9: RedoxEdit

**Section 9.1:**Oxidation and reduction (AS)**Section 9.2:**Redox reactions and electrode potentials (A2)**Section 9.3:**Predicting the direction of redox reactions (A2)**Section 9.4:**The effect of complexing on redox reactions (A2)

## Chapter 10: Rates of reactionsEdit

**Section 10.1:**Factors affecting reaction rates (AS)**Section 10.2:**The effect of temperature on rate (AS)**Section 10.3:**The effect of concentration on rate (A2)**Section 10.4:**What is a catalyst? (AS)**Section 10.5:**How do catalysts work? (AS)

## Chapter 11: The Periodic TableEdit

**Section 11.1:**Periodicity (AS)**Section 11.2:**The s block: Groups 1 and 2 (AS)**Section 11.3:**The p block: nitrogen and Group 5 (A2)**Section 11.4:**The p-block: Group 7 (AS)**Section 11.5:**The d block: characteristics of transition metals (A2)**Section 11.5:**The d block: complex formation (A2)

## Chapter 12: Organic chemistry: frameworksEdit

**Section 12.1:**Alkanes (AS)**Section 12.2:**Alkenes (AS)**Section 12.3:**Arenes (A2)**Section 12.4:**Reactions of arenes (A2)

## Chapter 13: Organic chemistry: modifiersEdit

**Section 13.1:**Halogenoalkanes (AS)**Section 13.2:**Alcohols and ethers (AS)**Section 13.3:**Carboxylic acids and their derivatives (AS)**Section 13.4:**The −OH group in alcohols, phenols and acids (A2)**Section 13.5:**Esters (A2)**Section 13.6:**Oils and fats (A2)**Section 13.7:**Aldehydes and ketones (AS)**Section 13.8:**Amines and amides (A2)**Section 13.9:**Amino acids (A2)**Section 13.10:**Azo compounds (A2)

## Chapter 14: Organic synthesisEdit

**Section 14.1:**Planning a synthesis (A2)**Section 14.2:**A summary of organic reactions (A2)

## Chapter 15: Managing a chemical processEdit

**Section 15.1:**The operation of a chemical manufacturing process (A2)**Section 15.2:**Feedstocks (A2)**Section 15.3:**The best conditions for the process (A2)**Section 15.4:**Costs (A2)