A-level Chemistry/OCR (Salters)/Alcohols

< A-level Chemistry‎ | OCR (Salters)

Alkan-1-olsEdit

Carbons Alcohol Condensed formula Structural formula Skeletal formula 3D model mp bp
0
water* HOH
N/A
0 °C 100 °C
1
methanol CH3OH –97 °C 65 °C
2
ethanol C2H5OH −114 °C 78 °C
3
propan-1-ol C3H7OH −127 °C 97 °C
4
butan-1-ol C4H9OH −90 °C 118 °C
n
alkan-1-ol CnH2n+1OH
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

* water is not an alcohol, but is included in this table to show how alcohols can be considered as being derived from water by replacing a hydrogen atom with an alkyl group