Workbook Canada - Citizenship Test


Section I: Questions about CanadaEdit

Practice Citizenship Test Canada

Aboriginal PeoplesEdit

  1. Who are the Aboriginal peoples of Canada?      

The first inhabitants in Canada (the first people to live in Canada)

  2. What are the three main groups of Aboriginal peoples?   

First Nations, Inuit, Métis.

  3. From whom are the Métis descended?   

Many early French fur traders and some English traders married First Nations Women. Their descendants are called the Métis people.

  4. Which group of Aboriginal peoples make up more than half the population of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut?  

Dene, Inuit, Metis

  5. Why are the Aboriginal peoples of Canada working toward self-government?  

to preserve their unique cultures and languages.

History (answers can be found in the sections on regions of Canada)Edit

  1. Where did the first European settlers in Canada come from?  


  2. Why did the early explorers first come to Atlantic Canada?  

To fish and trade with Aboriginal peoples.

  3. What three industries helped the early settlers build communities in the Atlantic region?  

Farming, fishing and shipbuilding.

  4. Who were the United Empire Loyalists?  

British settlers from the united states that were loyal to England.

  5. When did settlers from France first establish communities on the St.Lawrence River?  

Early 1600s.

  6. Which trade spread across Canada, making it important to the economy for over 300 years? 

Fur trade.

  7. What form of transportation did Aboriginal peoples and fur traders use to create trading networks in North America?  


  8. What important trade did the Hudson’s Bay Company control?  

Fur trade.

  9. What did the government do to make immigration to Western Canada much easier?  

Built a railway across the Prairies to the Pacific Coast.


  1. What does Confederation mean?

Joining of provinces to make a new country

  2. What is the Canadian Constitution?

A system of laws and conventions by which our country governs itself

  3. What year was Confederation?


  4. When did the British North America Act come into effect?


  5. Why is the British North America Act important in Canadian history?

It made confederation official.

  6. Which three provinces first formed Confederation?

New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and province of Canada

  7. Which was the last province to join Canada?


  8. When is Canada Day and what does it celebrate?

We celebrate the anniversary of Confederation July 1st of each year

  9. Who was the first Prime Minister of Canada?

Sir John A. Macdonald

 10. Why is the Constitution Act, 1982 important in Canadian history?

It allows Canada to change the Constitution without asking approval of the British Government

Rights and ResponsibilitiesEdit

  1. What part of the Constitution legally protects the basic rights and freedoms of all Canadians?

The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

  2. When did the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms become part of the Canadian Constitution?


  3. Name two fundamental freedoms protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

Freedom of religion and freedom of speech, freedom to enter and leave Canada, educated in either official language

  4. Name three legal rights protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

Right to live and work anywhere in Canada, right to a fair trial, and right to protection against discrimination.

  5. List three ways in which you can protect the environment.

Compost and recycle, conserve energy and water, walk or join a car pool

  6. Who has the right to apply for a Canadian passport?

Canadian citizens.

  7. What does equality under the law mean?

Being treated with equal dignity and respect, and having equal rights to speak out and express ideas.

  8. Name six responsibilities of citizenship.

Vote, help others, care for our heritage and environment, obey Canada's laws, respect the rights of others,serve on a jury when called.

  9. Give an example of how you can show responsibility by participating in your community.

Start volunteering,join the community group such as environmental group

 10. List four rights Canadian citizens have.

Right to be educated in either official language, vote, apply for a Canadian passport, enter and leave Canada freely.

 11. What will you promise when you take the Oath of Citizenship?

Pledge allegiance to the Queen, observe the laws of Canada and fulfill the duties of a Canadian.


  1. What are the two official languages of Canada?

English and French

  2. Give an example of where English and French have equal status in Canada.

Federal Courts and in all Federal Institutions.

  3. Where do most French-speaking Canadians live?


  4. Which province has the most bilingual Canadians?


  5. Which province is the only officially bilingual province?

New Brunswick


  1. What does the Canadian flag look like?

White with a red border on each end and a red maple leaf in the centre.

  2. What song is Canada’s national anthem?

O Canada

  3. Give the first two lines of Canada’s national anthem.

English: O Canada! Our home and native land! / True patriot love in all thy sons command. French: Ô Canada! Terre de nos aïeux, / Ton front est ceint de fleurons glorieux!

  4. Where does the name “Canada” come from?

It comes from the word Kanata which was originally used by two teen aboriginals to direct Jacques Cartier to the settlement of Stadacona (Quebec City), the word means village or settlement, in the Huron Iroquois Language

   5. Which animal is an official symbol of Canada?


  6. What is the tower in the centre of the Parliament buildings called?

Peace Tower

  7. What is the highest honor available for Canadians? 

Victoria Cross for actions under military command.


  1. What is the approximate population of Canada?

About 35 Million (for up-to-date information, check Statistics Canada)

  2. What three oceans border on Canada?

Atlantic, Arctic and Pacific

  3. What is the capital city of Canada?


  4. Name all the provinces and territories and their capital cities.

Provinces:Newfoundland and Labrador (St. John's), Prince Edward Island (Charlottetown), Nova Scotia (Halifax), New Brunswick (Fredericton), Quebec (Quebec City), Ontario (Toronto), Manitoba (Winnipeg), Saskatchewan (Regina), Alberta (Edmonton), British Columbia (Victoria) Territories: Yukon Territory (Whitehorse), Northwest Territories (Yellowknife), Nunavut (Iqaluit)

  5. Name the five regions of Canada.

Atlantic, Central, Prairie, West Coast and North

  6. Which region covers more than one-third of Canada?

Northern Canada.

  7. In which region do more than half the people in Canada live?

Central Canada.

  8. One-third of all Canadians live in which province?


  9. Where are the Canadian Rockies?

On the border between British Columbia and Alberta

 10. Where are the Great Lakes?

Between Canada and the United States

 11. Which mountain range is on the border between Alberta and British Columbia?

Rocky Mountains.

 12. Where are the Parliament buildings located?


 13. Which country borders Canada on the south?

United states of America

 14. What are the Prairie provinces?

Alberta (Edmonton), Saskatchewan (Regina) and Manitoba (Winnipeg)

 15. Which province in Canada is the smallest in land size?

Prince Edward Island

 16. What is a major river in Quebec?

St. Lawrence River

 17. On what date did Nunavut become a territory?

April 1st, 1999


  1. What are the three main types of industries in Canada?

Natural resources, manufacturing and services

  2. In what industry do most Canadians work?

Services - 75%

  3. What country is Canada’s largest trading partner?

United states of America

  4. Which region is known as the industrial and manufacturing heartland of Canada?

Central Canada

  5. Which region of Canada is known for both its fertile agricultural land and valuable energy resources?

Prairie provinces

Federal GovernmentEdit

  1. Who is Canada’s Head of State?

Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.

  2. Who is the Queen’s representative in Canada?

Governor General of Canada

  3. What is the name of the Governor General?

David Lloyd Johnston since 1 October 2010 (for up-to-date information, see here)

  4. What do you call the Queen’s representative in the provinces?


  5. What is Canada’s system of government called?

federal state, a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy. Check [1]

  6. What are the three parts of Parliament?

The Queen, the House of Commons and the Senate

  7. Explain how the levels of government are different.

In Canada we elect people to represent us at different levels: federal, provincial, territorial, and municipal (local). The Constitution grants different areas of responsibility to the federal Parliament and provincial Legislatures. Under the Constitution, Parliament has the authority to govern the territories, but in practice it has turned much of that authority over to the territorial governments.

  8. What do you call a law before it is passed?

A bill

  9. How are members of Parliament chosen?

each electoral district chooses one.

 10. Who do members of Parliament represent?

A Member of parliament represents the voters in the respective Electoral District and as part of Parliament, all Canadians.

 11. How does a bill become law?

Approval by a majority in the House of Commons and Senate and finally the Governor General

 12. What are the three levels of government in Canada?

Federal, Provincial/Territorial, Municipal or Local

 13. Name two responsibilities for each level of government.

Federal: National Defense, Citizenship Provincial: Health care, Education Municipal: Snow removal, building codes, recycling

 14. What is the government of all of Canada called?

Federal Government

Federal ElectionsEdit

  1. How many electoral districts are there in Canada?


  2. In what electoral district do you live?

Bramalea-Gore-Malton Ontario

  3. Who has the right to vote in federal elections?

A Canadian citizen, 18 years or older and on voters list

  4. What three requirements must you meet in order to vote in a federal election?

Canadian citizen, 18 years or older and on the list of electors

  5. What is written on a federal election ballot?

The names of the candidates in your electoral district in alphabetical order from "A" to "Z

  6. What do you mark on a federal election ballot?


  7. How is the government formed after an election?

The party with the most elected representatives becomes the party in power. The leader of this party becomes the Prime Minister.

  8. How is the Prime Minister chosen?

The leader of the party with the most elected representatives becomes the Prime Minister

  9. When does an election have to be held according to the Constitution?

On the 3rd Monday in October every 4 years following the most recent general election.

 10. Name all the federal political parties in the House of Commons and their leaders.

Conservative (Stephen Harper), NDP (Thomas Mulcair), Liberal (Michael Ignatieff), Bloc Quebecois (Gilles Duceppe), Green (Elizabeth May)

 11. Which party becomes the official opposition?

The party with the second most MPs.

 12. What is the role of the opposition parties?

To oppose or try to improve government proposals

 13. Which party is the official opposition at the federal level?

The New Democratic Party (NDP)

 14. Name the Prime Minister of Canada and his party.

Stephen Harper (Conservative Party)

 15. Name your member of Parliament and the party he or she belongs to.
 Bal Gosal (PC)
 16. What is a voter information card?

A form that tells you when and where to vote.

 17. Who has the right to run as a candidate in federal elections?

Any Canadian citizen who is at least 18 years old.

 18. Who do Canadians vote for in a federal election?

A candidate they want to represent them in Parliament

 19. What do political parties do?

Share ideas about how government should work

 20. Which federal political party is in power?

Conservative Party (for up-to-date information check either the Canadian Parliament page or [w:Prime_Minister_of_Canada Wikipedia|here]])

 21. How are senators chosen?

They are chosen by the Prime Minister and appointed by the Governor General

 22. What should you do if you do not receive a voter information card telling you when and where to vote?

Call Elections Canada or visit their website

 23. After a federal election, which party forms the new government?

The party with the most elected representatives becomes the party in power

Section II. Questions about your regionEdit

(answers depend on test-taker's location) 1. What is the capital city of the province or territory in which you live? Ontario Capital -Toronto

2. List three natural resources important to your region’s economy today.

Manufacturing,mining and forestry

3. Who is your city councillor, alderperson, reeve or regional councillor? 8 wards, charlene miller ward 1, ward 2 greg dionne, ward3 lee atkison, ward 4 jayne remenda, ward 5 cheryl ring, ward 6 martin ring , ward 7 darren whitehead, ward 8 ted zurakowski

4. What is the name of your mayor?


5. What is the name of your provincial representative (member of the Legislative Assembly, member of the provincial Parliament, member of the National Assembly or member of the House of Assembly)?

Jagmeet Singh (Bramalea-Gore-Malton)Ontario

6. What is the name of the premier of your province or territory

  Kethleen Wynne

7. Which political party is in power in your province or territory?


8. What is the name of the leader of the opposition in your province?

 PC Party- TIM Hudak

9. What is the name of your lieutenant governor or commissioner?

Honourable David C. Onley is the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario.

10. What is the name of the Commissioner, who represents the federal government in

 Ontario is a province and not a territory and does not have a commissioner who represents the federal government