William Wordsworth We are Seven/Summary and interpretation

Summary and Interpretation


The speaker begins this poem by asking what a simple child who is full of life could know about death. He then meets a little girl who is eight years old and has thick curly hair. She is crude but very beautiful, and she makes the narrator feel happy. He asks her how many siblings she has and she replies that there are seven including her.

———A simple Child,
That lightly draws its breath,
And feels its life in every limb,
What should it know of death?

I met a little cottage Girl:
She was eight years old, she said;
Her hair was thick with many a curl
That clustered round her head.

She had a rustic, woodland air,
And she was wildly clad:
Her eyes were fair, and very fair;
—Her beauty made me glad.

“Sisters and brothers, little Maid,
How many may you be?”
“How many? Seven in all,” she said,
And wondering looked at me.

The speaker then asks the child where her brothers and sisters are. She replies "Seven are we," and tells him that two are in a town called Conway, two are at sea, and two lie in the church-yard. She and her mother live near the graves.

“And where are they? I pray you tell.”
She answered, “Seven are we;
And two of us at Conway dwell,
And two are gone to sea.

“Two of us in the church-yard lie,
My sister and my brother;
And, in the church-yard cottage, I
Dwell near them with my mother.”

The narrator is confused and asks her how they can be seven. Calculation of the speaker does not agree with the calculation of the girl. The speaker says that if two are dead, then there are only five left. The little girl tells him that she still spends time with her deceased siblings what stuns the poet.

"You say that two at Conway dwell,
And two are gone to sea,
Yet ye are seven! I pray you tell,
Sweet Maid, how this may be.”

Then did the little Maid reply,
“Seven boys and girls are we;
Two of us in the church-yard lie,
Beneath the church-yard tree.”

“You run about, my little Maid,
Your limbs they are alive;
If two are in the church-yard laid,
Then ye are only five.”
“Their graves are green, they may be seen,”
The little Maid replied,
“Twelve steps or more from my mother’s door,
And they are side by side.

“My stockings there I often knit,
My kerchief there I hem;
And there upon the ground I sit,
And sing a song to them.

“And often after sun-set, Sir,
When it is light and fair,
I take my little porringer,
And eat my supper there.

The little girl then explains that first her sister Jane died from sickness. The girl believes that death released her sister from pain and suffering. She and her brother John had played around Jane's grave until he also died. She says that now he lies next to Jane and in this way they are close all the time.

The first that dies was sister Jane;
In bed she moaning lay,
Till God released her of her pain;
And then she went away.

“So in the church-yard she was laid;
And, when the grass was dry,
Together round her grave we played,
My brother John and I.

“And when the ground was white with snow,
And I could run and slide,
My brother John was forced to go,
And he lies by her side.”

The man again asks how many siblings she has since two are dead. She still stubbornly claims that she has seven siblings. The man tries to convince her saying, "But they are dead," but he realizes that his words are wasted. The poem ends with the little girl saying, "Nay, we are seven!"

How many are you, then,” said I,
“If they two are in heaven?”
Quick was the little Maid’s reply,
“O Master! we are seven.”

“But they are dead; those two are dead!
Their spirits are in heaven!”
’Twas throwing words away; for still
The little Maid would have her will,
And said, “Nay, we are seven!”


The poem is an interesting conversation between a man and a young girl. It is especially intriguing because the conversation could have been less than five lines, and yet it is 69 lines long. The man cannot accept the fact that the young girl still feels that she is one of seven siblings even though two of her siblings have died. The speaker begins the poem with the question of what a child could know of death. At the beginning, it appears that the little girl understands very little. She seems to be in denial about the deaths of her siblings, especially because she claims that she still spends time with them. The line between life and death in eyes of the girl disappears. Her siblings are still present in her life. By the end of the poem, however, the reader is left with the feeling that perhaps the little girl understands more about life and death than the man to whom she is speaking. She refuses to become incapacitated by grief, or to cast the deceased out of her life. Instead she accepts that things change, and continues to live as happily as she can.