Wikijunior:The Elements/Rubidium

Shows the position of Rubidium on the periodic chart.
Rubidium's symbol on the Periodic Table

What does it look, feel, taste, or smell like? edit

Rubidium metal

Rubidium is silvery white. It is a soft metal — ductile, meaning it can be drawn out into thin wire without breaking. It has no smell.

How was it discovered? edit

It was discovered in 1861 by two German chemists, Robert Bunsen and Gustav Kirchhoff, using flame spectroscopy. Flame spectroscopy was a new technique at the time; scientists heat material with a flame and observe the spectrum of light the material emits.

Where did its name come from? edit

Bunsen and Kirchhoff named this element after the color of the light they observed from it with their spectroscope. The Latin word rubidus means red.

Did You Know?

  • Rubidium ignites spontaneously in the air.
  • It helps make fireworks purple.
  • The name Rubidium comes from the latin term for "deep red," Rubidus

Where is it found? edit

It occurs naturally in the minerals leucite, pollucite, carnallite, and zinnwaldite, which contain as much as 1% rubidium oxide. Lepidolite contains between 0.3% and 3.5% rubidium, and is the commercial source of the element.

What are its uses? edit

Rubidium is used in some fireworks, for its color. It is also used for various high-tech devices. It is used in vacuum tubes as a getter, a material that combines with and removes trace gases from inside the tubes, to keep the inside of the tube a vacuum. It is used in lasers and high-precision clocks. It is also used in the manufacture of photocells and in special kinds of glass. Since it is easily ionized, it might be used as a propellant in ion engines on spacecraft.

Is it dangerous? edit

Rubidium burns when exposed to water, like potassium.

References edit