Wikijunior:The Elements/Platinum

Shows the position of Platinum on the periodic chart.
Platinum's symbol on the Periodic Table

What does it look like? edit

A few native platinum nuggets

Platinum is a heavy metal that is grayish-white.

It has a melting point of one thousand seven hundred sixty-eight degrees Celsius. This is hotter that a Bunsen burner flame. Heating platinum to this temperature makes it glow a reddish-orange color. Heating it up even more, to three thousand eight hundred twenty-five degrees Celsius, will turn it into a glowing orange gas.

How was it discovered? edit

It was first discovered by South Americans and used by pre-Columbian Indians. It was taken to Europe in the 1750s.

Where did its name come from? edit

Did You Know?

  • Platinum, even though it is a metal, can be scratched by minerals such as fluorite
  • Platinum is a valuable metal, costing just over £1000 per ounce

Its name came from the Spanish word platina (meaning "little silver").

Where is it found? edit

Platinum is found in South America and Russia. It is obtained as a by-product of nickel and copper mining and processing.

What are its uses? edit

Platinum is used in jewelry, laboratory equipment, electical contacts, and dentistry. It is also used in the catalytic converter inside cars.

Is it dangerous? edit

Yes. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, short-term exposure to platinum salts "may cause irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat" and long-term exposure "may cause both respiratory and skin allergies."

References edit