Wikijunior:North America/United States/South Carolina

The location of South Carolina

South Carolina is a state located in the southern or Deep South region of the United States of America. It borders Georgia to the south and North Carolina to the north. South Carolina was the first state to secede from the Union and was a founding state of the Confederate States of America. South Carolina currently ranks 24th in population. The capital is Columbia and the state's largest city is Charleston.

The Flag of South Carolina

History edit

The Spanish established the first settlement in 1526, however it was soon abandoned. Later on the French would establish a settlement in 1562, however it was also abandoned. In 1629, King Charles of England established the Province of Carolina, which would later become a crown colony in 1719. North Carolina would later become separate from South Carolina in 1729. South Carolina later participated in the American Revolution, and officially became a state on May 23, 1788. South Carolina was the first state to secede from the Union and form the Confederate States of America in 1860 and was later readmitted to the Union in 1868.

Geography edit

South Carolina has a total area of 32,020 (82,932 km2). It is bordered by Georgia to the south, North Carolina to the north, and the Atlantic Ocean to the east.

From east to west, South Carolina can be divided into three geographic regions: the Atlantic coastal plain, the Piedmont, and the Blue Ridge Mountains.

People edit

In 2020, the United States Census Bureau estimated the population of South Carolina was 5,118,425. In 2010, 662.% of people in South Carolina were White/Caucasian, 27.9% were Black, 1.3% were Asian, and 1.8% were Native American.

State Symbols edit

  • The state nickname is The Palmetto State
  • The state mottos are "Dum spiro spero" and "Animis opibusque parati". They are Latin for "While I breathe, I hope" and "Ready in soul and resource".
  • The state amphibian is the spotted salamandar
  • The state animal is the white-tailed deer
  • The sate beverage is milk
  • The state hospitality beverage is tea
  • The state bird is the Carolina wren,
  • The state wild game bird is the wild turkey
  • The state duck is the the wood duck
  • The state botanical garden is the South Carolina Botanical Garden
  • The state butterfly is the eastern tiger swallowtail
  • The state color is indigo blue
  • The state craft is sweetgrass basket weaving
  • The state dance is the shag
  • The state folk dance is the square dance
  • The state waltz is the "Richardson Waltz"
  • The state dog is the Boykin Spaniel
  • The state fish is the striped bass or rockfish
  • The state flower is the yellow jessamine
  • The state wildflower is the goldenrod
  • The state folk art and crafts center is the South Carolina Artisans Center
  • The state fossil is the Columbian mammoth
  • The state fruit is the peach
  • The state gemstone is the amethyst
  • The state grass is Indian grass
  • The state hall of fame is the South Carolina Hall of Fame
  • The state heritage horse is the Carolina Marsh Tacky
  • The state heritage work animal is the mule
  • The state insect is the Carolina mantis
  • The state marine mammal is the bottlenose dolphin
  • The state migratory marine mammal is the northern right whale
  • The state military academy is the Camden Military Academy
  • The state music is spirituals
  • The state popular music is beach music
  • The state railroad museum is the South Carolina Railroad Museum
  • The state rural drama theater is the Abbeville Opera House
  • The state reptile is the loggerhead sea turtle
  • The state shell is the lettered olive
  • The state snack is boiled peanuts
  • The state songs are "Carolina" and "South Carolina On My Mind"
  • The state spider is the Carolina wolf spider
  • The state stone is blue granite
  • The state tree is the sabal palmetto
  • The state tobacco museum is the South Carolina Tobacco Museum
  • The state vegetable is the collard