Loops are things that keep on repeating and repeating until you tell it to stop. There are two types of loops that we'll be learning: for-loops and regular loops.
For-loops increase the value of an integer i (or anything else) by a given amount (default: 1), until it has reached its upper limit.
for i : 1 .. 10 %Start with 1, end with 10, increase i by 1 (i.e. 1,2,3...10) put i end for
That's all there is to it! Whatever's in the middle will be executed each time the loop is run. This program will print all numbers from 1 to 10.
Now there are a few things you may have noticed. Firstly, we haven't declared i. Actually, you're not supposed to declare for-loop variables. In fact, if you do, then it won't work!
What if we want to print all multiples of 5 between 1 and 103?
for i : 0 .. 103 by 5 put i end for
Excellent! You're now a for-loop guru! Loops are pretty simple, and the syntax is almost the same. So why would you want to use normal loops instead of for-loops? For-loops are used when you know how many times to repeat it. However, sometimes the amount of times you repeat depends on how many lines there are in a text file. More often, you'll want a program to loop until the user tells you to exit. This is what we'll be doing.
var word : string loop put "Enter any word you want, and I'll tell you what it is! (type 'exit' to exit)" get word exit when word = "exit" put "You entered ", word end loop
That's pretty self explanatory. We're getting a string from the user, and if the string is exit, then we exit. Turing is a very easy program to use, and it avoids complicated syntax, which becomes handy in cases like this; 'exit when' means exactly that, you exit when the following case is true.