"Gauss's Law", also known as "Gauss's Flux Theorem", is a law in electrostatics that connects the quantity of a charge and the electric flux produced by it. This theorem was formulated by Carl Friedrich Gauss in 1835, but was not published until 1867. It states that:
- The net electric flux through any closed surface is equal to 1⁄ε0 times the net electric charge enclosed within that closed surface.
ΦE = Q.1⁄ε0
- Serway, Raymond A. (1996). Physics for Scientists and Engineers with Modern Physics, 4th edition. pp. 687.