The Poetry of Gaius Valerius Catullus/14< The Poetry of Gaius Valerius Catullus
Text & TranslationEdit
Meter - Hendecasyllables
|Line||Latin Text||English Translation|
|1||Ni te plus oculis meis amarem,||If I did not love you more than my eyes,|
|2||iucundissime Calve, munere isto||dearest Calvus, because of that gift|
|3||odissem te odio Vatiniano:||I would hate you more than Vatinius|
|4||nam quid feci ego quidve sum locutus,||for what have I done or what did I say|
|5||cur me tot male perderes poetis?||that you should burden me with so many bad poets|
|6||Isti di mala multa dent clienti,||May the Gods send much evil on that client,|
|7||qui tantum tibi misit impiorum.||who sends you such wicked people.|
|8||Quod si, ut suspicor, hoc novum ac repertum||But if, as I suspect, this new and sought after|
|9||munus dat tibi Sulla litterator,||gift was given to you by Sulla that teacher of literature,|
|10||non est mi male, sed bene ac beate,||then I am not angry, but joyful and pleased,|
|11||quod non dispereunt tui labores.||for your labours have not gone to waste.|
|12||Di magni, horribilem et sacrum libellum!||Good Heavens, what a horrible and cursed little book!|
|13||Quem tu scilicet ad tuum Catullum||Which you surely sent to your Catullus|
|14||misti, continuo ut die periret,||so that he might die the very next day,|
|15||Saturnalibus, optimo dierum!||the Saturnalia, the best of days!|
|16||Non non hoc tibi, salse, sic abibit.||No no, It will not be like this for you, clever fiend.|
|17||Nam si luxerit ad librariorum||For when it is light, I will run|
|18||curram scrinia, Caesios, Aquinos,||to the booksellers' shelves, and Caesius, Aquinus|
|19||Suffenum, omnia colligam venena.||Suffenus; I will collect all such poison|
|20||Ac te his suppliciis remunerabor.||and repay you these punishments.|
|21||Vos hinc interea valete abite||Meanwhile, Goodbye and go away you|
|22||illuc, unde malum pedem attulistis,||to where you got your terrible rhymes|
|23||saecli incommoda, pessimi poetae.||curses of our time, the worst poets.|
Connotations of the TextEdit
read "nisi", which means 'unless'.
"if I did not love you more than my eyes" is unnatural in English. This may be better translated as "If I did not love you more than myself" or "If you weren't the apple of my eye".
However, the meaning "eyes" would still make sense, as the eyes are a precious organ of any human being - and a thing to be cared for.
even though this is imperfect it is translated as present in English.
Licinius Calvus was a friend of Catullus's.
Vatinius was a man whom Calvus had prosecuted in court. (see Poem 53)
The Romans had a system of patrons and clients. The patrons protected their clients in court and gave them financial help, and in return the clients may have given the patrons political support and occasionally little presents of gratitude such as this book of poetry.
Here, Sulla refers to a man Calvus defended in court.
This line literally translates to "it is not badly for me, but well and happily".
- di magni
Literally "Great Gods" but in a contemporary context something like "Good Heavens" is probably more appropriate.
diminutive of "liber" - book. Catullus was very fond of diminutives and used them to express smallness, affection, pity, or scorn depending on the context. Here it is probably used to express scorn.
Read "misisti", yet another common way of shortening words in Latin.
The Saturnalia was a festival for Saturn that began on the 17th of December. It was the biggest festival of the year; the Roman equivalent of Christmas.
- salse - smartarse, clever
Meaning "clever" or "witty", the original meaning of the word is "salt". This is because the Romans used the salt to enhance the flavour of their meat and other food, and so, the poet uses metaphorical salt, or "wit" to enhance his work.
Lines 18 - 19Edit
- Caesios, Aquinos, Suffenum
Nothing is now known about Caesius and Aquinus, although we can deduce from this poem that they were bad poets. Catullus attacks Suffenus as a writer of endless bad verses in Poem 22
refers to the poets Catullus has gathered.
- malum pedem
literally "bad foot". In Latin as well as English "foot" was used to mean a section of a line of poetry.
- pessimi poetae - worst poets
Here the alliteration of p shows Catullus' disgust for the aforementioned poets. This technique, whilst placed at the end of the line leaves a lasting impression on the reader, and Catullus' opinion on low-quality work stays with us. It could also be a subtle hint of Catullus, asserting how his work is superior.
- munus, -eris n. - gift, present
- tot - so many
- perderes - pester, burden, annoy, destroy
- impiorum - Roman piety was defined as dedication to gods, country, and family and was the greatest virtue. So impiety or "impiorum" was considered the greatest vice.
- repertum - sought after
- beate - happily
- dispereunt - this word contains "pereunt" (they perished) which is made up of per + eunt (through + gone). This prefix "dis-" is emphatic.
- scilicet - scire + licet = it is possible to know = obviously
- salse - smartarse, clever fiend, clever one
- scrinia n.pl. - shelves
- saecli - curses