The Computer Revolution/Software/FORTRAN

FORTRAN (FORmula TRANslator) was designed by scientists and is oriented toward manipulating formulas for scientific, mathematical, and engineering applications. FORTRAN is a very efficient language for these types of applications and is still used for high-performance computing tasks, such as forecasting the weather. A related programming language released by Sun Microsystems is Fortress. Which is similar to FORTRAN, Fortress is designed for high-performance computing and some believe it will eventually replace FORTRAN. One advantage of Fortress for today’s computers is that is takes advantage of multi-core processors and computers with multiple processors, automatically assigning pieces of a job to different cores or processors and trying to store data where it will be conveniently near the processor that will need it.