This template is used to cite academic papers as a source.

Usage summary edit

All field names must be lowercase.

Copy a blank version to use. Remember to use the "|" (pipe) character between each field. Please delete any unused fields to avoid clutter in the edit window.

{{cite paper |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title= |version= |pages= |publisher= |date= 
             |url= |format= |id= |accessdate= }}


{{cite paper
  | last = 
  | first = 
  | author = 
  | authorlink = 
  | coauthors = 
  | title = 
  | version = 
  | pages = 
  | publisher = 
  | date = 
  | url = 
  | format = 
  | id = 
  | accessdate = 

Fields edit

Wikilinks edit

Most fields can be wikilinked (i.e. title = [[book|book title]]), but should generally only be linked to an existing Wikipedia article. Any wikilinked field must not contain any brackets apart from normal round brackets () — don't use <>[]{}.

Description of fields edit

Syntax (for the technical-minded) edit

Nested fields either rely on their parent fields, or replace them:

  • parent
    • child — may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2 — may be used instead of parent (and is ignored if parent is used)

Description edit

  • last: Surname of author. Don't wikilink (use authorlink instead).
    • first: First name(s) of author, including title(s) (e.g. Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Snr.). Don't wikilink (use authorlink instead).
    • authorlink: Title of Wikipedia article about author. Article should already exist. Must not be wikilinked itself. Do not use this on its own, but along with "author" or "first" and "last".
    • coauthors: Full name of additional author or authors, separated by ", " (e.g. Joe Bloggs, John F. Kennedy, H. R. Dent).
    • OR: author: Full name of author, preferably surname first.
  • title: Title of paper. This is the only required parameter. Can be wikilinked only to an existing Wikipedia article. Do not use italics.
  • version: Version of paper, if available.
  • pages: First page and optional last page. This is for listing the pages relevant to the citation, not the total number of pages in the book, e.g. pp. 5–7.
  • publisher: Publisher should not include corporate designation such as "Ltd" or "Inc".
  • date: Full date of publication edition being referenced, in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format, e.g. 2006-02-17. Must not be wikilinked.
  • url: URL of an online location where the book can be found. Cannot be used if you wikilinked title.
    • format: Format, e.g. PDF. HTML implied if not specified.
  • id: A unique identifier. You need to specify the kind of identifier you are using, preferably with a template like {{ISSN}}.
    • accessdate: Full date when url was accessed, in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format, e.g. 2006-02-17. Required when url field is used. Must not be wikilinked.

Examples edit

A simple case
  • {{cite paper | author = Ziman, J.M., F.R.S. | title = Public Knowledge: An essay concerning the social dimension of science | date = 1968 | url = | accessdate = 2006-07-03 }} gives:
    • Ziman, J.M., F.R.S. (1968). "Public Knowledge: An essay concerning the social dimension of science". Retrieved 2006-07-03. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
Multiple authors
  • {{cite paper | author = Williamson, John | coauthors = Zagha, Roberto | title = From the Hindu Rate of Growth to the Hindu Rate of Reform | version = Working Paper No. 144 | pages = p. 22 | publisher = Center for research on economic development and policy reform | date = 2002 | url = | format = PDF | accessdate = 2006-07-03 }} gives:
The title parameter is required
  • {{cite paper | author = Ziman, J.M., F.R.S. | date = 1968 | url = | format = PDF | accessdate = 2006-07-03 }} gives:

Notes edit

  • Template 'Cite journal' allows more details to be entered and may be more appropriate if the paper was published in a journal.