Template:Biological Molecules Glossary

Biological Molecules Glossary
  • monomer – a single subunit making up a long chain of identical repeating unity, called a polymer
  • polymer – a long chain of repeating subunits (monomers)
  • monosaccharide – the smallest subunit of carbohydrate (glucose, galactose, fructose)
  • amino acid – the smallest subunit of a polypeptide; there are 20 different naturally occurring amino acids
  • nucleotide – smallest subunit of DNA and RNA
  • condensation reaction – a reaction releasing water molecules, forming larger molecules in the process (polymers) from monomers
  • hydrolysis reaction – reaction using water to break down larger molecules into their smaller substitute not parts, breaking chemical bonds.