The present tense is constructed with the use of the infix/TENS-marker "-na-" and the use of the prefix that marks the respective subject.

Person Singular Plural
First Ni-na-penda I like/love Tu-na-penda We like/love
Second U-na-penda You like/love M-na-penda You like/love
Third A-na-penda She/he likes/loves Wa-na-penda They like/love


The negation in the present uses the respective negative prefixes for marking the subject. But unlike the positive, it omits the TENS-marker and changes the last vovel ("-a" in the regular case) into an "-i".

Person Singular Plural
First Si-_-pendi I do not like/love Hatu-_-pendi We do not like/love
Second Hu-_-pendi You do not like/love Ham-_-pendi You do not like/love
Third Ha-_-pendi He/she does not like/love Hawa-_-pendi They do not like/love


The habitual is much simpler to form and usually indicates an action that is usually done.

No subject prefix is used, just the prefix "Hu-" is added in front. (Hu-penda) As this lacks the information about the acting subject, the personal pronoun is used to clarify on the subject, if not clear from the context.

Example: Wewe hufanya (You usually do)


To do:
How to negate the Habitual?