Solar System/Asteroids

Location in the Solar SystemEdit

(253) Mathilde, an asteroid.

Conventionally asteroids are divided into three groups based on location.

Asteroids in the asteroid beltEdit

The asteroid belt is located between Mars and Jupiter.

Jupiter trojansEdit

Jupiter trojans share Jupiter's orbit around the Sun, and are located about 60° ahead of or behind Jupiter in their orbits.

Near-Earth objectsEdit

Near-Earth objects are asteroids that spend at least part of their orbit closer to the Sun than Mars. Their perihelia are less than 1.3 AU (Earth–Sun distances) from the Sun.


Centaurs are objects orbiting between the orbits of Jupiter and Neptune that cross the orbit of at least one gas giant. They have unstable orbits and have characteristics of both asteroids and comets. They are sometimes classified as asteroids.

Physical characteristicsEdit


Mass, density, rotationEdit


Chemical variationsEdit

Orbital featuresEdit


the sizes of asteroids may vary. some are huge and some may be as tiny as a speck of dust.

"Life span" of the asteroidsEdit


Ceres is the largest asteroid, and in fact is a dwarf planet. See Ceres in the section on dwarf planets.


The Missing PlanetEdit

Origin of the asteroidsEdit

The Search For ErosEdit