Alphabet/Step by step/Vowels 1

2.1 Vowels 1

We have already seen the Alphabet. But now We are going to learn how to pronounce and how to write Sinhalese letters, with examples.

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is the first letter of the Alphabet. it is basically pronounced as a in 'what'. It is only used at the beginning of a word as well as all the other vowels. Let's see some example words begin with this letter.

අම්මා (ammā) - Mother
අට (aṭa) - Eight
අවි (avi) - Weapons
අලුත් (alut) - New
අශ්වයා (aśvayā) - Horse
අක්කා (akkā) - Elder sister
අකුරු (akuru) - Letters of the alphabet/Fonts
අඛණ්ඩ (akhaṇḍa) - Unbroken/Continuous
අඟ (an̆ga) - Horn
අඟහරුවාදා (an̆gaharuvādā) - Tuesday

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is the second letter of the alphabet. It's like a longer version of the first letter . is pronounced as a in 'smart'. This letter is also can be seen only at the beginning of a word. Let's see some example words begin with this letter.

ආදරය (ādaraya) - love
ආච්චි (ācci) - Grandmother
ආගම (āgama) - religion
ආකරය (ākaraya) - mine
ආධාරය (ādhāraya) - help/support
ආයෙත් (āyet) - again
ආරම්භය (ārambhaya) - beginning/commencement/start
ආරාධනාව (ārādhanāva) - invitation
ආරවුල (āravula) - dispute/quarrel
ආවරණය (āvaraṇaya) - shield/shelter/covering

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The third vowel in the alphabet. it sounds like a in cat. This letter is also can be seen only at the beginning of a word. Let's see some example words begin with this letter.

ඇඟිල්ල (an̆gilla) - finger
ඇස (asa) - eye
ඇටය (aṭaya) - bone or seed or nut
ඇට්ටර (aṭṭara) - obstinate
ඇඳ (an̆da) - bed
ඇඬුම (an̆ḍuma) - cry
ඇඳුම (an̆duma) - cloth/dress
ඇප (apa) - bail
ඇපල් (apal) - apple
ඇඹුල් (am̆bul) - sour

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The forth vowel in the alphabet. It sounds like a in 'ash' or 'jam'. This letter is also can be seen only at the beginning of a word. Let's see some example words begin with this letter.

ඈ - she
ඈත (ǣtha) - far
ඈනුම (ǣnuma) - yawn
ඈන් (ǣn) - Ann

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The fifth vowel in the alphabet having the fine, sharp sound of i in 'his' or 'pin'. This letter is also can be seen only at the beginning of a word. Let's see some example words begin with this letter.

ඉක්මන් - quick
ඉක්කාව - hiccough
ඉක්බිති - then/thereafter
ඉඟුරු - ginger
ඉගෙනීම - learning
ඉගිලෙනවා - fly
ඉටි - wax
ඉතිහාසය - history
ඉතින් - so/well/henceforth
ඉබ්බා - Tortoise

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The sixth vowel in the alphabet. It is sounded like ee in 'feel'. This letter is also can be seen only at the beginning of a word. Let's see some example words begin with this letter.

ඊතලය (ītalaya) - arrow
ඊයම් (īyam) - lead
ඊසාන (īsāna) - north east
ඊයෙ (īye) - yesterday
ඊළඟ (īḷan̆ga) - next

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The seventh vowel in the alphabet. It sounds like u in 'put. This letter is also can be seen only at the beginning of a word. Let's see some example words begin with this letter.

උක් - sugar cane
උකුණා - Louse
උකුල - hip/lap
උගත් - educated
උගන්වනවා - teach
උගුල - trap/snare
උච්ඡාරණය - pronunciation
උඩ - above/over/on
උඩඟු - arrogant
උත්තරය - answer

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The eighth vowel in the alphabet. It sounds like u in 'rule'. This letter is also can be seen only at the beginning of a word. Let's see some example words begin with this letter.

ඌ - it
ඌරා - pig
ඌන - deficient
ඌර්ධව - high/above/upper/uppermost