Scriptapedia/Uses, Misuses and Misunderstanding of GMB Scripts

Uses of ScriptsEdit

  • To design a behavioral protocol for small group exercises in GMB workshops
    • The protocols can then be compared to what actually happened as a way to assess fidelity.
  • To use as a teaching tool in GMB
  • To document what happened in a small group process

Misuses and Misunderstandings of Scripts (Hovmand et. al., 2011)Edit

  • Practitioners following scripts mechanistically 
    • Response: Scripts are not a substitute for the non-specific effects of the “right attitude”
  • Scripts are too reductionistic and take the art out of GMB 
    • Response 1: Reducing discretion is precisely the point; discretion and improvisation “cuts both ways” 
    • Response 2: There is still a lot of room for professional judgment and improvisation (going off script only makes sense if you have a script) 
  • Practitioners failing to adapt to local contexts, expectations, etc.  


Hovmand, P., Rouwette, E. A. J. A., Andersen, D. F., Richardson, G. P., Calhoun, A., Rux, K., & Hower, T. (2011). Scriptapedia: a handbook of scripts for developing structured group model building sessions.