Programming Fundamentals/Pseudocode Examples for Functions
Suggested pseudocode conventions for functions along with some examples.
No standard for pseudocode syntax exists. However, there are some commonly followed conventions to help make pseudocode written by one programmer easily understood by another programmer. The following describes a method for using pseudocode for functions that would be understood by programmers. Five concepts are:
- Use a beginning phrase word to start the function
- Use a communication phrase word to identify the items being passed into the function
- Use indentation to show the action part of the function
- Use a communication phrase word to identify the items being passed out of the function
- Use an ending phrase word to end the function
- Use a calling phrase word to direct your program to use a function
The following is a suggested outline of function phrase words:
|Item/Purpose||Starting Phrase Word||Ending Phrase Word|
|Communication In||Pass In:||none|
|Communication Out||Pass Out:||none|
|Calling a Function||Call:||none|
Here are some examples showing functions defined in pseudocode using our conventions as described above.
Example 1: pseudocode: Function with no parameter passingEdit
Function clear monitor Pass In: nothing Direct the operating system to clear the monitor Pass Out: nothing Endfunction
Example 2: pseudocode: Function with parameter passingEdit
Function delay program so you can see the monitor Pass In: integer representing tenths of a second Using the operating system delay the program Pass Out: nothing Endfunction
Example 3: pseudocode: Function main calling the clear monitor functionEdit
Function main Pass In: nothing Doing some lines of code Call: clear monitor Doing some lines of code Pass Out: value zero to the operating system Endfunction
- phrase word
- Words used to make pseudocode logic clear to any reader.