Powhatan/Lesson 13

The English language borrowed many words from Powhatan; the language has been credited with being the source of more English loans than any other indigenous language. Most such words were likely borrowed very early, probably before Powhatan—English conflict arose in 1622.
English Word Powhatan Word (Latin Script) Powhatan Word (Powhatan Syllabics) Definition
Chinquapin chechinquamin, chincomen ᒉᒋᘜᒥᓐ,


Castanea pumila
Chum chum ᒍᒻ bait consisting of fish parts, bone and blood, which attract fish, particularly sharks.
Hickory pockerchicory, pocohicora ᐳᑫᖖᒋᑯᘏ,


trees comprising the genus Carya
Hominy uskatahomen ᐅᖙᑕᕷᒣᓐ a food produced from dried maize kernels that have been treated with an alkali, in a process called nixtamalization
Matchcoat matchco ᒪᑦᒡᑯ an outer garment consisting of a length of coarse woolen cloth (stroud), usually about 2 metres (7 ft) long, worn wrapped around the upper part of the body like a toga. Historically, they have been worn primarily by the Indigenous peoples of the Northeastern Woodlands
Moccasin makasin ᒪᑲᓯᓐ a shoe, made of deerskin or other soft leather, consisting of a sole (made with leather that has not been "worked") and sides made of one piece of leather, stitched together at the top, and sometimes with a vamp (additional panel of leather)
Muskrat muscascus ᒧᖚᖙᔅ Ondatra zibethicus
Opossum aposoum ᐊᐳᓱᐅᒻ a marsupial of the order Didelphimorphia
Persimmon pichamins, pushemins, pasimenan ᐱᒐᒥᓐᔅ,



the edible fruit of a number of species of trees in the genus Diospyros
Pokeweed poke ᐳᑫ Phytolacca americana
Raccoon ärähkun ᐊᘓᑯᓐ mammals comprising the genus Procyon
Terrapin torope ᑐᘐᐯ one of several small species of turtle living in fresh or brackish water
Tomahawk tumahák ᑐᒪᕹᒃ A light axe used as a tool or weapon by North American Indians
Wicopy wicopy ᖋᑯᐱ A flowering plant belonging to the genus Dirca