The Future TenseEdit
In portuguese you can use the future tense by saying 'I am going to' or 'I will,' by adding an ending. Ir + infinitive is the first way, and see below for the other way with all the verb endings required.
In Portuguese, we often use the construction "going to".
ir + infinitive
You conjugate "ir" as normal, and then add the verb in the infinitive form.
For example, the verb "andar" (to walk):
Eu vou andar
Você/Ele/Ela vai andar
Nós vamos andar
Eles/Elas/Vocês vão andar
It is still possible, but slightly formal, to say "I will eat" or "I will swim". This is the simple future tense. This tense is one of the easiest to form in Portuguese. Just conjugate as below.
FALAR - To Speak
|I will speak||Eu falar||ei|
|You (s,inf) will speak||Tu falar||ás|
|He will speak
(also ela, você)
|We will speak||Nós falar
|You (p) will speak||Vós falar
|They will speak
(also elas, vocês)
EXCEPTIONS - Trazer, dizer, fazer. See how to conjugate these in the future tense
Note that this contruction works even if the verb is usually irregular. Ser, ter and ir, for example, can all be made into the future this way.
Splitting of Stem and EndingEdit
When using indirect and direct object pronouns, the future stem and ending must be split. The stem is (except for the irregular verbs mentioned above) simply the infinitive. The indirect or direct object pronoun goes between the stem and the ending, as in these examples:
Eu falar-lhe-ei - I will speak to him/her/you
Você beijar-me-á - You will kiss me.
However, this construction is rare in spoken Portuguese. When an object pronoun is used, we usually use ir and the infinitive (see above).
Eu vou falar-lhe - I am going to speak to him/her/you.
Você vai beijar-me - You are going to kiss me.