Perl Programming/Data types

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Perl has four fundamental data types: scalars, lists, hashes, and typeglobs.

is a funny way of saying a single value; it may be a number, a string, or a reference.
is an ordered collection of scalars. A variable that holds a list is called an array. Items in a list or array can be accessed by their position in the list; programs can retrieve the first, second, third, etc. item in a list.
is like an array, in that a hash holds many values, but the values are identified by a unique "key", rather than an ordinal index position.
is a variable representing an entry within the internal symbol table. It is used to manipulate file handles, and to create references or aliases.

All variables are marked by a leading sigil, which identifies the data type. The same name may be used for variables of different types, without conflict.

  $foo   # a scalar
  @foo   # a list
  %foo   # a hash
  *foo   # a typeglob

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