PHP Programming/Daemonization

PHP-GTK PHP Programming
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A daemon is an application that runs in the background, as opposed to being directly operated by the user. Examples of daemons are Cron and MySQL.

Daemonizing a process with PHP is very easy, and requires PHP 4.1 or higher compiled with --enable-pcntl.

Building a DaemonEdit

We'll start with set_time_limit(0) to let our script run indefinitely. Next, we fork the PHP process with pcntl_fork(). Finally, we use posix_setsid() to tell the child process to run in the background as a session leader.

   set_time_limit(0);   // Remove time limit 
   if (pcntl_fork()) {  // Fork process
     print "Daemon running.";
   } else {
     $sid = posix_setsid(); // Make child process session leader
     if ($sid < 0)
     while (true) {
                        // Daemon script goes here

The code inside the while statement will run in the background until exit or die is explicitly called.


While daemonizing a script can be useful, it is not appropiate for every script. If a script only needs to be executed at a certain time, it can take advantage of Cron for scheduled execution.

See alsoEdit

  PHP-GTK PHP Programming
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