Pronouns are words that replace nouns in a sentence, avoiding repetitiveness in a sentence. In the Niw Englisch language, there are pronouns derived from their Old English counterparts.

First Person

  • I, my/mine, me (singular) - ic, mein, miȝ, mic
  • we two, our, us two (dual) - wit, unker, unk, unkit
  • we, our, us (plural) - wiȝ, user, us, usic

Second Person

  • thou, thy/thine, thee (singular) - þu, þein, þiȝ, þic
  • ye two, your, you two (dual) - ȝit, inker, ink, inkit
  • ye, your, you (plural) - ȝiȝ, ȝoer, ȝo, ȝoic

Third Person

  • he, his, him (masc. sing.) - he, his/sein, him, hin
  • she, her, her (fem. sing.) - schie, her, her, schie/scho
  • it, its, it (neuter sing.) - it, his/sein, him, it
  • they, their, them (plural) - hje, hjer, hjem, hje

In the third person, sein refers solely to the subject of the sentence and is inflected like her, while his is used to refer often to a person in addition to the subject when there are two men or two neuter topics.

For example:

  • John fand seinen Broðer - John found his (John's) brother
  • John fand his Broðer - John found his brother (could be John's or some other person's)
  • John and Mark soȝhten hjere Brœðer. John fand seinen Broðer and his Broðer. - John and Mark were looking for their brothers. John found his brother and Mark's brother.

Relative Pronouns


In Niw Englisch, the most common relative pronoun is the particle þe.


  • ic fand þen Mann, þe ic soȝhte - I found the person whom I sought.

To be more specific, the definite article is used as the relative pronoun, either alone or with þe together:

  • he brow þat Gedrenk, þe he drank - he brewed the drink that he drank.
  • he brow þat Gedrenk, þat þe he drank - he brewed the drink that he drank.

They translate the same, but using the definite article with the particle is more formal and clearer as what your referencing:

  • schie soȝhte þen Mann, þe schie saw - she sought the man who saw her; she sought the man whom she saw.
  • schie soȝhte þen Mann, þen (þe) schie saw - she sought the man whom she saw.

Interrogative Pronouns


Interrogative pronouns are those that are asking for information, corresponding to who? what?

  • who, whose, whom - ƕa ƕas, ƕam, ƕan; unstressed ƕes, ƕem, ƕen
  • what? - ƕat, ƕas, ƕam, ƕat?