Neuroimaging Data Processing/Data/Storage/Filetypes
This section introduces the different formats used for datasets and how to convert them into each other. Normally, image data are stored in a data file as either 8- or 16-bit integers. Besides the raw image data, there is usually a metadata along with to provide the descriptive information about the subject, type of image, imaging parameters as well as image dimensions. In the history of neuroimaging there have been several different image formats playing important roles. In the following sections, three major kinds of formats are going to be discussed in detail.