Movie Making Manual/Cinematography/Cameras and Formats/Technical Qualities of the Capture Medium

Technical qualities of the capture mediumEdit

Latitude / Dynamic RangeEdit

Comparison of different camerasEdit

  • Sony HDV FX1 = 5.5 stops
  • Canon XL2 = 6 stops
  • Panasonic DVX100a = 7 stops
  • Sony F900 / Panasonic Varicam = 5 stops under, 2 stops over - better to underexpose HD
  • Dalsa Origin 4k digital = 12 stops
  • Negative film = 18 stops (!)

Chroma subsamplingEdit

Comparison of different formatsEdit

  • DV or MiniDV(NTSC) = 4:1:1
  • DV or MiniDV(PAL) = 4:2:0
  • HDV = 4:2:0
  • DVCPRO = 4:1:1
  • DVCPRO50 = 4:2:2
  • DVCPRO100 = 4:2:2
  • HDCAM = 3:1:1
  • HDCAM SR = 4:4:4
  • DVD video = 4:2:0
  • JPEG = 4:4:4 or 4:2:2 or 4:2:0

Signal to noise ratio / SNR / grainEdit

Speed / sensitivityEdit

ContrastEdit

Colour balanceEdit

Look up tables / LUTsEdit

Colour saturationEdit