Microsoft Office/Word Ribbon Reference (OS X)
This page applies only to version 2011 for Mac of Microsoft Office.
For conceptual information on the Ribbon and this reference, see Ribbon Overview.
Microsoft Office 2011 for Mac also utilizes a main menu bar and a palette called the Toolbox.
On this page you’ll find a concise overview of every button on Microsoft Word’s Ribbon. Controls may be hyperlinked to pages that discuss their functions in more detail. A short description may also be given after the name of the control.
The Home TabEdit
- Font Pop-up Menu — A pop-up menu that lets you choose the font of the selected text.
- Size Pop-up Menu — A pop-up menu that lets you choose the point size of the selected text. You can also type in a custom value by clicking on the number displayed.
- Increase Font Size, Decrease Font Size — Increases or decreases the point size of the selected text.
- Convert Case — Opens a menu that lets you change the case of the selected text.
- Clear Formatting — Removes any custom formatting applied to the selected text.
- Bold, Italic, Underline, Small Caps, Strikethrough, Superscript, Subscript — Buttons that toggle the respective formatting attribute when clicked.
- Font Color, Highlight Color — Changes the color of the selected text, or of the background behind the text.
- Text Effects — Allows you to add shadow, reflection, glow, or outline effects to the selected text.
- List Styles — Three pop-up menus that let you choose a list style (bulleted, numbered, or hierarchical) to use with the selected text.
- Indent, Unindent — Adds or removes indentation from the selected text (pushing it to the right or the left, respectively).
- Columns — Allows you to make a multi-column page layout.
- Left, Center, Right, Justify — Allows you to specify the horizontal alignment of the selected text.
- Line Spacing — Allows you to change how closely spaced the lines in the selection are.
- Borders — Allows you to show or hide borders of a paragraph or table cell.
- Quick Style List — A scrolling list of some of the most commonly used styles.
- Change Quick Styles Settings — This button opens a menu that lets you select from twelve predesigned sets of Quick Styles that share common design characteristics.
- Manage Styles — Opens the Styles pane of the Toolbox.
- Text Box — Click this button and drag to create a new text box.
- Shape — Click this button to open a menu of many kinds of predrawn shapes you can drag to insert.
- Picture — Click this button to insert a picture or clip art image.
- Themes — Click this button to open a list of predefined font/font size/color scheme sets called themes.
The Layout TabEdit
Page Setup CategoryEdit
- Orientation — Click this button to choose whether your document will be printed in portrait (tall) or landscape (wide) orientation.
- Size — Click this button to open a list of common paper sizes.
- Break — Click this button to open a menu where you can insert different kinds of page or section breaks.
- Margins — Click this button to open a list of common margin sizes.
- Top, Bottom, Left, Right — Use these text fields to create a custom margin size.
Text Layout CategoryEdit
- Direction — Click this button to change which direction the text is printed in (horizontally, vertically down, or vertically up).
- Columns — This button is identical to the Columns button on the Home tab. It allows you to make a multi-column page layout.
- Line Numbers — This button opens a menu of options that tells Word to number each line in the left margin.
- Hyphenation — This button opens a dialog box that allows you to change automatic hyphenation settings.
Page Background CategoryEdit
- Watermark — Click this button to open a dialog box where you can print a watermark behind the text on each page.
- Color — Click this button to open a menu allowing you to choose a background color for each page.
- Borders — Click this button to open a dialog box allowing you to place a border around the text on each page.
- Options — Click this button to open a dialog box containing options relating to an alignment grid.
- Gridlines — Check this box to display a light grid behind the text on the page.
- Snap Objects to Others — Check this box to “snap” objects (such as a shape) to the edges of other objects.
- Snap Objects to Grid — Check this box to “snap” objects to intersections of the alignment grid lines.