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Medical Informatics

The purpose of this work is to survey computer usage in the health sciences.

With contributions from:

  1. Kevin C. O'Kane


Development of Medical Information SystemsEdit

Pioneering WorkEdit

  1. MUMPS - Massachusetts General Hospital Utility Multi-Programming Language (R. Greenes and N. Pappalardo)
  2. COSTAR - Computer Stored Ambulatory Record - Costar (O. Barnett)
  3. University of Missouri - Columbia System (D.A. Lindberg)
  4. Technicon Lockheed/Technicon System
  5. PROMIS University of Vermont PROMIS System (L. L. Weed)
  6. Texas Institute for Research and Rehabilitation Information System (C. Valbonna & W. Spencer)
  7. LDS Hospital System (H. Warner, et al)
  8. Kaiser-Permanente System (M. Collen)
  9. VISTA - Veterans Administration (DCHP)
  10. Johns Hopkins Oncology Clinical Information System and Tedium (B. Blum)
  11. Dietary Systems

Computer Based Medical Records SystemsEdit

  1. Overview of Computer Based Medical Records
  2. Case Studies of Computer Based Medical Records

Economics of Health Care DeliveryEdit

Impact of New TechnologiesEdit

Clinical Decision Support SystemsEdit

  1. Clinical Decision Support Overview
  2. Expert Systems
    1. MYCIN (E. Shortliffe)
      1. EMYCIN
    2. Internist (Pople & Myers)
      1. Caduceus
      2. QMR - Quick Medical Reference
    3. CASNET Causal ASsociational NETworks (Kulikowski and Weiss)
      1. CASNET/Glaucoma
    4. PIP Present Illness Program (Gorry and Parker)
    5. ABEL Acid-Base and ELectrolyte program
    6. ONCOCIN Oncology protocol management
    7. MDX (Chandrasekaran and Mittal)
    8. DXPlain (MGH Laboratory for Computer Science)
  3. Probability Based Diagnostic Systems
    1. Bayesian Systems
      1. Reasoning Foundations of Medical Diagnosis (Ledley and Lusted)
  4. Arden Syntax

Systems of NomenclatureEdit

Other TopicsEdit