Marcion RC3

Marcion is Coptic - English/Czech dictionary related to Crum's Coptic dictionary, written in C++, based on MySql, with Qt4 GUI. Contains many Coptic texts, grammars, Greek texts, Liddel-Scott Greek-English lexicon, and others. It can be used as a Bible-study tool.

Dragon and Pearl (logo of Marcion)
The Hypostasis Of The Archons, NHC II/4, 86:27-87:4

Installation and startup edit

More useful is to install all fonts from folder 'fonts' into your OS and turn off switch load internal fonts at startup in form settings (Main menu: application->settings ). Fonts SP Tiberian and SP Achmim are used due grammar of J.M. Plumley

Linux edit


  • Qt >= 4.6.0
  • djvulibre >=3.5.22

Download 'marcion_rc3-linux-x86.tar.bz2' and unpack it. Run executable 'marcion' in main directory. If output of ldconfig -p not contains important Qt libraries (for example if Qt is installed in /opt), edit /etc/ and execute ldconfig, or execute marcion with LD_LIBRARY_PATH .

for example:

bash$> LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/opt/qtsdk-2009.05/qt/lib/ ./marcion

Windows edit

Download ''. Unpack it and run marcion.exe

Building from sources edit

Tarball edit


these packages are necessary, headers and libraries:

you must have installed build tool

If you are using binary packages presented in your distro, ensure, that you have also installed “devel” packages with headers.

Download source package and unpack it. Navigate into directory 'marcion-src' and run scons with these parameters:

default value "/usr/lib/"
default value "/usr/lib/qt4/include/"
default value "/usr/lib/"
default value "/usr/include/"
default value "/usr/local/mysql/lib/"
default value "/usr/local/mysql/include/"
default value "/usr/lib/"
default value "/usr/include/"
default value "/usr/lib/"
default value "/usr/include/"
no value
default value "/opt/marcion/"

Assign to each variable correct value. You can also edit file 'SConstruct' and into command beginning with 'd=env.ParseFlags' insert additional flags for compiler.

example: If you have Qt installed in '/opt', GlibC and bzip2 in '/usr', MySql in '/opt/mysql' and DjVuLibre in '/home/user/software' and you want to have Marcion installed into '/home/user/software/marcion', do this:

bash $> tar -xjf marcion_rc3-src.tar.bz2
bash $> cd marcion-src
bash $> scons qt4lib=/opt/qt4/lib qt4inc=/opt/qt4/include \
        djvulibrelib=/home/user/software/djvulibre/lib \
        djvulibreinc=/home/user/software/djvulibre/include \
        mysqllib=/opt/mysql/lib mysqlinc=/opt/mysql/include \
        install installdir=/home/user/software/marcion

SVN edit


these packages are necessary, headers and libraries:

  • qt4 >= 4.5
  • djvulibre >= 3.5.21
  • mysql = 5.1.41
  • libbzip2 >= 1.0.5
  • glibc >= 2.9

you must have installed build tool

If you are using binary packages presented in your distro, ensure that you have also installed “devel” packages with headers.

Checkout source tree from svn repository.

bash $> svn co marcion

Download proper gzipped mysql tar binary archive for your platform into directory 'depends' and unpack it. Create symlink 'mysql' pointed to 'mysql*' directory. (Tested on version 5.1.41, but newer versions should work also. If you have installed mysql in your OS already, you can use variables M_EXTRA_MYSQL_INC and M_EXTRA_MYSQL_LIB) Download data from project page, directory 'devel' file 'mdata.tar.bz2' into directory 'depends' and unpack it. (If you have marcion installed already and you want use data from it, use variable M_MARCION_DATA)


bash $> cd <root-of-marcion>/depends
bash $> wget
bash $> tar -xzf mysql-5.1.41-linux-i686-glibc23.tar.gz
bash $> ln -sv mysql-5.1.41-linux-i686-glibc23/ mysql
bash $> wget
bash $> tar -xjf mdata.tar.bz2

Run cmake with these parameters:

default value ""
default value ""
default value "depends/mysql/include"
defaultní value "depends/mysql/lib"
default value ""
default value "depends/mdata"
default value "$HOME/MarcionRC3svn"


If you have all packages installed in obvious system places and you wish to have installed marcion in '$HOME/MarcionRC3svn', execute

bash $> cmake ..

If you wish to install marcion into different place, for example '/home/user/marc-svn', use variable CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX

bash $> cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/home/user/software/marc-svn ..

If you have Qt installed in '/opt', GlibC and bzip2 in '/usr', MySql in '/opt/mysql' and DjVuLibre in '/home/user/software' and you want to have Marcion installed into '/home/user/software/marcion', do this:

bash $> cmake -DM_EXTRA_DJVULIBRE_INC=/home/user/software/djvulibre/include \
        -DM_EXTRA_DJVULIBRE_LIB=/home/user/software/djvulibre/lib \
        -DM_EXTRA_MYSQL_INC=/opt/mysql/include \
        -DM_EXTRA_MYSQL_LIB=/opt/mysql/lib \
        -DM_MARCION_DATA=/home/user/software/marcion \
        -DQT_QMAKE_EXECUTABLE=/opt/qt/bin/qmake \
        -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/home/user/software/marcion ..

or alternatively execute cmake in interactive mode and set values in prompt line

bash $> cmake -i ..

After successful configuration execute:

bash $> make
bash $> make install


Parameter -L shows you current content of all variables in cache.


bash $> cmake --help 

and learn more about this powerful tool.

You can also try

bash $> cmake-gui

Usage edit


(fonts New Athena Unicode and Ezra SIL are needed)

Dictionaries edit

Coptic (Crum) edit

printed (djvu) edit

Main menu: action->crum (coptic)

Dictionary is viewed by DjView component, so you can use all features of this browser. On the top panel is an editable combobox containing letters for navigation through dictionary. You must select char(s) from list or insert two chars (one char + space). Chars can be latin or coptic (table).

text (mysql) edit
Crum (query)
Crum (query)
Crum (query)

Hlavní menu: action->crum-query(coptic)

Shows window with GUI for searching words in Crum's Dictionary. Database is still under construction, for now contains 3350 words, 4837 derivations and over 48 000 indexed items.

Data import:

Content of dictionary is possible to backup into .csv (2 files) or .sql file.(Main menu: database->local->export coptic tables->csv, database->local->export coptic tables->sql)

Data export:

Main menu: database->local->import data

Only for .sql files. Upgrades of database are placed in project page in folder 'extras/crum-data' . After successful import rebuild index.(Main menu: database->local->(re)create index of coptic tables).

GUI contains these components:

  • numeric fields (limit of output)
  • switch
search word directly
search word through index
  • checkboxes
show czech
(don't) show czech
greek equivs
(don't) show greek
show derivations
(don't) derivations
  • tabs
search for coptic word
exact match
'%' stands for any group of chars (including empty) and '_' stand for exactly one char. (official documentation)
match regexp regular expression (official documentation)
filter by dialect
fulltext search of czech/english text
fulltext search of greek text
shows words by pages
  • toolbar with output components
complete view
navigates to word
show all in tree
complete view of entire result

There are two ways how to search in dictionary - directly or through index.

direct search (obsolete) edit

You can use Latin and Coptic script, mixed also. If option exact is enabled, then non-word chars and spaces are removed after query. Spaces are always ignored. After query inpu text is converted into Latin.

Looks only for complete word, like ⲛⲟⲃⲉ, ⲛⲁⲃⲉ, ⲛⲟⲃⲓ - not ⲣ.ⲛⲟⲃⲉ, ⲣ.ⲛⲁⲃⲉ, ⲉⲣ.ⲛⲟⲃⲓ, ⲣⲉϥ.ⲣ.ⲛⲟⲃⲉ etc.

through index (recommended) edit

Index contains whole words and their combinations with various kinds of words - so you can search for words like ⲁⲧ.ⲣⲱⲙⲉ, ⲙⲛⲧ.ⲁⲧ.ⲧⲁⲕⲟ, ϯ.ⲡⲁϩⲣⲉ, ⲉⲓ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ, ⲣⲙ.ⲛ.ϩⲏⲧ etc. After import of data of dictionary (files "crumX-Y.sql.bz2") and after manual editing is important to rebuild index (Main menu: database->local->(re)create index of coptic tables). Function resolve of popup menu of toolbox tree shows how index is built.

Greek (LSJ) edit

  • tabs
search in dictionary
base morph
parse inflection
indicates word class and morph
  • options
switch tr
(don't) convert
exact match
matches regular expression (official documentation)

Compared is text of output field (converted text).

Grammars edit

J.M. Plumley edit


An Introductory Coptic Grammar

H. Tattam edit


A Compendious Grammar Of The Egyptian Language

special components edit

Translit widget edit


Component works with one of four scripts:

  • Latin
  • Greek
  • Coptic
  • Hebrew


editable text field
input text
output text field
converted text
switch tr
(don't) convert

popup menu:

copy content of output text field into clipboard
clear all
convert text of input text field into Latin and replace it
remove non-word chars

Library edit


Hierarchy of items of library is ordered in four levels:

  • script
  • language
  • collection
  • book

Only collections can be added or removed.

maintaining edit

add collection edit

Main menu: library->import collection případně database->local->import data

Files with collections (.sql or compressed .sql.bz2) are stored in folder 'data/backup' and on page of project in folder 'texts'.

create index edit

popup menu of library component: index->create index

Collection can be searchable only if index of it is built. Informations about state of collections shows popup menu of library component: index->show .

remove collection edit

popup menu of library component: delete a delete all

If collection is deleted, is deleted its index also.

searching edit

library - search

Main menu: library->search library

components of panel:

list of scripts
choose script
list of languages
choose language
list of collections
collections written in chosen language
  • tabs
search for one word/phrase
using of logical operators
  • switch
search for word
search for phrase
numeric fields
limits of output
  • button query

In lists choose language, script and check collections in which will be searched. If collection have no index, then is inactive and cannot be checked.

Types of index:

All words of verse and entire verse are indexed.
All words of verse, entire verse, entire next verse and combination of last word of first verse with first word of second verse are indexed.

Items of index are small letters without diacritic. Is possible to search word or phrase in extension of one verse, matched is always regular expression case insensitive without diacritic.

tab simple: Search for only one word or one phrase.

tab extended: logical operators


option tab regular expression result
word simple ^(ouaein|ouoein|ouoin)$ returns verse, which contains minimal one of words ⲟⲩⲁⲉⲓⲛ, ⲟⲩⲟⲉⲓⲛ, ⲟⲩⲟⲓⲛ
word simple ^ou(ae|oe|o)in$ returns verse, which contains minimal one of words ⲟⲩⲁⲉⲓⲛ, ⲟⲩⲟⲉⲓⲛ, ⲟⲩⲟⲓⲛ
word simple ^alhq returns verse, which contains word beginning αληθ
word extended ^ui AND ^anqrwp returns verse, which contains word beginning υι and word beginning ανθρωπ
phrase simple ui.+ anqrwp returns verse, which contains text beginning υι followed by at least one char and space and word beginning ανθρωπ

content of library edit

collection script language
New Testament coptic coptic (sahidic dialect)
Nag Hammadi Library coptic coptic (sahidic dialect)
codex Tchacos coptic coptic (sahidic dialect)
codex Achmim coptic coptic (sahidic dialect)
Life of st. Anthony coptic coptic (sahidic dialect)
Pistis Sophia (djvu) coptic coptic (sahidic dialect)
Books of Ieu (djvu) coptic coptic (sahidic dialect)
Gospel of Thomas (djvu, photo) coptic coptic (sahidic dialect)
New Testament coptic coptic (bohairic dialect)
Septuagint greek greek
New Testament greek greek
Westminster Leningrad Codex hebrew hebrew
King James Version latin english
Bible of Kralice latin czech
Cesky ekumenicky preklad latin czech

Transscription edit

(fonts New Athena Unicode and Ezra SIL are needed)

greek and coptic edit

char Coptic Greek
a α
b β
g γ
d δ
e ε
z ζ
h η
q θ
i ι
k κ
l λ
m μ
n ν
j ξ
o ο
p π
r ρ
s σ,ς
t τ
u υ
f φ
x χ
c ψ
w ω
S ϣ -
F ϥ -
H ϩ -
K ϧ -
Q -
J ϫ -
G ϭ -
T ϯ -
V -

hebrew edit

char Hebrew
a א
b ב
g ג
d ד
e ה
v ו
z ז
h ח
t ט
i י
k כ
l ל
m מ
n נ
s ס
y ע
p פ
c צ
q ק
r ר
j ש
u ת
K ך
C ץ
P ף
M ם
N ן

Instructional Videos edit

WikiMedia edit

Marcion RC3 - import collection

YouTube edit

Marcion RC3 - import collection

Marcion RC3 - update coptic dictionary

Marcion RC3 - BookReader component

Technical support edit

Maybe you have any trouble, or question or enhancement.

External Links edit