Lentis/Corn Ethanol in the United States


History of Ethanol Consumption in the United StatesEdit

  1. Solomon, B. D., Barnes, J. R., & Halvorsen, K. E. (2007). Grain and cellulosic ethanol: History, economics, and energy policy. Biomass and Bioenergy, 31(6), 416-425.

Current TrendsEdit

  1. Balat, M., & Balat, H. (2009). Recent trends in global production and utilization of bio-ethanol fuel. Applied Energy, 86(11), 2273-2282.

Environmental Impacts and Energy BalanceEdit

  1. http://www.foodfirst.org/node/1662
  2. Liska, A. J., - Yang, H. S., - Bremer, V. R., - Klopfenstein, T. J., - Walters, D. T., - Erickson, G. E., et al. (- 2009). - Improvements in life cycle energy efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions of corn-ethanol - Blackwell Publishing Inc.
  3. Farrell, A. E., Plevin, R. J., Turner, B. T., Jones, A. D., O'Hare, M., & Kammen, D. M. (2006). Ethanol can contribute to energy and environmental goals. Science, 311(5760), 506-508.
  4. Hill, J., Nelson, E., Tilman, D., Polasky, S., & Tiffany, D. (2006). Environmental, economic, and energetic costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 103(30), 11206-11210.

Social Implications of Corn Ethanol ConsumptionEdit

  1. http://www.foodfirst.org/node/1662
  2. Hettinga, W. G., Junginger, H. M., Dekker, S. C., Hoogwijk, M., McAloon, A. J., & Hicks, K. B. (2009). Understanding the reductions in US corn ethanol production costs: An experience curve approach. Energy Policy, 37(1), 190-203.
  3. Jacobson, M. Z. (2007; 2007). Effects of ethanol (E85) versus gasoline vehicles on cancer and mortality in the united states. Environmental Science & Technology, 41(11), 4150-4157.