# Latvian/Basic vocabulary

## Numerals

Cardinal  Pamata
1 viens
2 divi
3 trīs
4 četri
5 pieci
6 seši
7 septiņi
8 astoņi
9 deviņi
10 desmit
100 simts
1000 tūkstotis
1000000 miljons

Names for other numerals up to one million are coined using words above:

• -teen numerals - second numeral + pa + desmit (10) i.e. 14 = četri (4) + pa + desmit (10) = četrpadsmit = four over ten (pa is a preposition which means over in this case). As you can see the e from the word "desmit" is omitted, as well as the ending of the second numeral. The ending (the very last letter), in case of numerals, is not omitted if a numeral used in coining of word is 3 (trīs) or the numeral is used as last part of the coined word.
• decimal numerals - first numeral + desmit (10) + second numeral i.e. 41 = četri (4) + desmit (10) + viens (1) = četrdesmit viens. As you see ending of četri (4) is cast off again, desmit (10) doesn`t have ending, therefore it simply can`t be cast off. If second number is zero ("nulle") then it is not added, thus 30 = trīsdesmit = first nummeral (trīs) + desmit (10)
• Hundreds - first number + simts (100) + decimal number or last number if middle number is zero ("nulle") i.e. 945 = deviņi (9) + simts (100) + četrdesmit pieci (45) = deviņsimt četrdesmit pieci or 802 = astoņi (8) + simts (100) + divi (2) + astoņsimt divi. If first number is 1 first numeral "viens" is cast off, thus 111 = simtvienpadsmit = simts (100) + viens (1) + pa + desmit (10) not vien + simt vienpadsmit. Again if last numbers are zeros they are not named.
• Thousands - first numeral + tūkstoš (1000) + numeral naming hundred. Again - when naming numbers from 1000 to 1999 first numeral ("viens") is omitted. If numerals name tens or hundreds of toustands first decimal numeral naming hundred is used i.e. 20 000 = decimal numeral (20) + tūkstoš (1000) = divdesmit tūkstoš or 500 000 = hundred (500) + tūkstoš = piecsimt tūkstoši.