Láadan/Lessons/21

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Numbers and quantity

CountingEdit

0 - 9Edit

The basic numbers are:

Láadan English Notes
Rawoho Zero (0) The official dictionary technically does not have a word for 0, but rawoho is "none".
Nede One (1)
Shin Two (2)
Boó Three (3)
Bim Four (4)
Shan Five (5)
Bath Six (6)
Um Seven (7)
Nib Eight (8)
Bud Nine (9)

10 - 19Edit

The numbers 11 through 19 are formed by putting the ones value before the tens value, adding "e" as necessary to break up consonants.

Láadan English
Thab Ten (10)
Nedethab Eleven (11)
Shinethab Twelve (12)
Boóthab Thirteen (13)
Bimethab Fourteen (14)
Shanethab Fifteen (15)
Bathethab Sixteen (16)
Umethab Seventeen (17)
Nibethab Eighteen (18)
Budethab Nineteen (19)

20 - 99Edit

After that, 20, 30, 40, and so on will have "thab" (10) first, and then the number in that tens place, so 20 would be "ten-two", 30 would be "ten-three", and so on.

Láadan English
Thab Ten (10)
Thabeshin Twenty (20)
Thabebóo Thirty (30)
Thabebim Forty (40)
Thabeshan Fifty (50)
Thabebath Sixty (60)
Thabebum Seventy (70)
Thabenib Eighty (80)
Thabebud Ninety (90)

Then, to build out 21, 22, 34, 56, etc. you use the tens-value ("Thabeshin") plus ("i") how many ones ("nede").

Láadan English
Thabeshin Twenty (20)
Thabeshin i shin Twenty-two(22)
Thabebim i shan Forty-five (45)
Thabebud i bud Ninety-nine (99)

Bigger numbersEdit

Láadan English
Debe One hundred (100)
Debe i nede One hundred and one (100)
Debe i thabeshin i nede One hundred and twenty-one (121)
Debeshan Five hundred (500)
Debeshan i nede Five hundred and one (501)
Debeshan i thabeshin i nede Five hundred and twenty-one (521)
Thob One thousand (1,000)
Thobeshin Two thousand (2,000)
Thobeshin i debeshin i thabeshin i shin Two thousand, two hundred, and twenty-two (2,200)
Rod One million (1,000,000)
Merod One billion (1,000,000,000)

Specifying quantity in a statementEdit

With pronouns, we can specify singular, some (2-5), or many (6+), but how do we explicitly state how many of an item is doing some action, or being affected?

Multiple subjectsEdit

For multiple subjects, you will still need to add the plural marker "me-" to your verb, but you can specify a quantity of subjects by putting the number after your subject.

Láadan English Breakdown
Bíi eril yod rul thuzheth wa. The cat ate a cake rul = cat
Bíi eril meyod rul shin thuzheth wa. Two cats ate a cake. me- = plural marker, shin = two

Multiple objectsEdit

Let's say you ate three cakes. The number three ("Boó") will go after your object to specify the amount of that object.

Láadan English Breakdown
Bíi eril yod le thuzheth wa. I ate a cake yod = to eat, thuzh = cake, -th = object marker
Bíi eril yod le thuzheth boó wa. I ate three cakes. boó = three.

Multiple recipients/giversEdit

In the case where, perhaps, you're giving cake to three people, your number will go after the recipient.

Láadan English Breakdown
Bíi eril ban le thuzheth withediwa. I gave cake to a person. ban = to give, with = person, -di = goal marker.
Bíi eril ban le thuzheth withedi boó wa. I gave cake to three people.
Bíi eril bel le thuzheth withede boó wa. I took cake from three people. bel = to take, -de = source marker

Some, many, all, anyEdit

You can use the words for "some", "many", "all", and "any" the same way you use an actual number in a sentence - after the subject, the object, or additional case-phrases.

Láadan English
menedebe or mendebe many
nedebe or ndebe few/several
woho all/every
waha any
Láadan English Breakdown
Bíi eril yod le thuzheth wa. I ate a cake.
Bíi eril yod le thuzheth nedebe wa. I ate some cake.
Bíi eril yod le thuzheth menedebewa. I ate many cakes.
Bíi eril yod le thuzheth woho wa. I ate all the cake.